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SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED





INDEX TO RULES




1.   Name of the Society


Division 1 - Objects of the Society


2.   Objects


Division 2 - Definitions and Interpretations


3.   Definitions


Division 3 - Powers of the Society


4.   Powers

5.   Administrative Instruments

6.   Powers, Duties and Responsibilities

7.   Power of Appointment

8.   Patrons


Division 4 - Classification of Membership and Accreditation


9.   Certificates

10.   Levels of Membership



Division 5 - Membership Fees and Annual Subscriptions


11.   Joining Fees and Annual Subscriptions


Division 6 - Admission and Rejection of Members


12.   Consideration of Applicants

13.   Honorary Members

14.   Nominations not required

15.   Number of Members unlimited

16.   Number of 'Chartered Practitioners' Unlimited


Division 7 - Levels of Membership


17.   Student Membership

18.   Associate Membership

19.   Graduate Membership

20.   Ordinary Fellowship

21.   Senior Fellowship

22.   Honorary Research Fellowship

23.   Senior Research Fellowship


Division 8 - Termination of Membership


24.   Termination of Membership

24A.   Membership Lapsed

25.   Appeal against rejection or termination of Membership


Division 9 - Accreditation and Practise


26.   Academic Criteria

27.   Certificates of Accreditation

27A.   Certificates of Exemption

28.   Prohibition on Practising Modalities


Division 10 - Registers


29.   Register of Members

30.   Register of Clinics

31.   Register of Approved Training Centres

32.   Addresses of Members


Division 11 - Executive Management Committee


33.   Executive Officers

34.   Election of Executive Officers

35.   Resignation of Executive Officers

36.   Vacancies on the Management Committee

37.   Functions of the Management Committee


Division 12 - Meetings


38.   Meetings of the Management Committee

39.   Sub-Committees

40-41.   Acts validated

42-45.   Annual or General Meetings

46.   National Secretary to convene General Meetings

47.   Chairperson at General Meetings


Division 13 - By-Laws


48.   Internal Management


Division 14 - Alteration of Rules


49.   Special Resolution required


Division 15 - Common Seal


50.   Safe custody and use


Division 16 - Funds and Accounts


51.   Deposits


Division 17 - Miscellaneous Provisions


52.   Documents

53.   Financial Year

54.   Distribution of surplus assets


Division 18 - Legal Obligations


55.   Therapeutic Goods Act and Regulations (Cwth)

56.   Legal Obligations

57.   Additional Society Offices

58.   SNTR Inc. Internet Website







NAME


1.   (1) The name of the Incorporated Association is the 'SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED' (in these Rules referred to as "the Society").


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)


Matters not provided for in rules provided for in model rules

47.

(1) If a matter is not provided for under an incorporated association’s own rules but the matter is provided for under a provision of the model rules (the “additional provision”), the association’s own rules are taken to include the additional provision.


(2) This section does not affect the ability of an incorporated association to amend its rules under this Act.


(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to an incorporated association as far as its own rules provide that the subsection does not apply to the association.]


1.   (2) For the purposes of these Rules, by reason of the statutory allowance expressed in subsection 47(3) of the Associations Incorporation Act 1981 (Qld), subsection 47(1) of that Act does not apply to the SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED.

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED




Division 1 - Objects of the Society


OBJECTS


2.   (1) The Executive Management Committee may act as it sees fit for the purposes of fulfilling the objects for which the Society is established.


2.   (2) The objects for which the Society is established include –


(a) to establish, support, raise, promote, organize, maintain and protect the character, status, interest, and reputation of all persons who are from time to time Members of the Society;


(b) to organize and promote the Accreditation of the Society's Members; to settle Rules, regulations, educational levels and patient refund procedures governing the practise of Natural Health Sciences as practised by the Members of the Society; and to decide all questions of professional ethics, usage and courtesy by or amongst Members;


(c) to create and maintain high standards of professional qualifications by providing courses of instruction, and where necessary advanced instruction, in all subjects included in the study of Natural Health Sciences, and by supplying training in the principles and practise of Natural Health Sciences through recognised training clinics duly selected for that purpose by the Society whether in Australia or Overseas;


(d) to provide for, or accept students or practitioners from, teaching establishments in respect of courses of instruction in relation to all modalities of Natural Health Sciences and to provide 'Graduate', 'Fellowship', 'Senior Fellowship' and 'Senior Research Fellowship' Awards, Degrees, Diplomas, Certificates and other academic awards accordingly;


(e) to produce publications on all aspects of Natural Health Sciences to its Members from time to time in whatever form decided by the Executive Management Committee;

 

(f) to provide a 'Certificate of Membership' to those persons (Student Members) who are enrolled in a course of study in Natural Health Sciences at any 'approved teaching establishment' or other teaching establishment accepted by the Society;


(g) to provide a 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation':


(A) to those persons (Associate Members) who hold primary qualifications in Natural Health Sciences and certain modalities of Natural Therapies; and


(B) to those persons (Graduate Members) whose qualifications or experience are accepted by the Executive Management Committee for Graduate Membership and 

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



accreditation;


(h) to provide a 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' and, where it may be properly awarded, a 'Certificate of Exemption', to those persons (Graduates or Fellows) whose qualifications and training are accepted by the Executive Management Committee for Membership to the Society;


(i) to provide a 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' and a 'Certificate of Exemption' to those persons (Senior Fellows) whose qualifications and training are accepted by the Executive Management Committee for Senior Fellowship of the Society;


(j) to provide a combined 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' and a 'Certificate of Exemption' to Senior Research Fellows of the Society whose qualifications and training are accepted by the Executive Management Committee for Senior Fellowship of the Society (whether in relation to qualifications relating to natural health, medical or other practitioners);


(k) to accredit bonafide Natural Health Practitioners -


(A) who are graduates of approved teaching establishments; or


(B) whose qualifications, experience or training are acceptable to the Executive Management Committee for the purposes of accreditation; and


(l) to seek acceptance by Health Funds or government departments or institutions (however described) for the purposes of health benefit refunds for patients of Accredited Practitioners who are declared by the Society to be fit to practise.



Division 2 - Definitions and Interpretations


DEFINITIONS


3.   (1) In these Rules, unless the contrary intention appears - "accreditation" means accreditation by the Society and the term


"accredited" shall be construed accordingly;


"Administrative Instrument" means an Instrument referred to in Rule 5 of these Rules;


"approved training centre" means an establishment referred to in Rule 31 of these Rules;


"Australian Charter" means the Australian Charter of Natural Health Practitioners adopted by The Australian Charter of Natural Health Practitioners Pty. Ltd;


"Certificate of Exemption" means a Certificate issued by the Society to an accredited 




Natural Therapist for the purposes of indicating that the holder of the Certificate is, in accordance with the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cwth), exempted from certain restrictions of the Act and any relevant Regulations made under that Act in respect of a particular modality or modalities;


"Code of Ethics" means the Code of Ethics referred to in the 'Australian Charter';


"Executive Management Committee" means the Committee referred to in Rule 33 of these Rules;


"Executive Officer" means a Member of the Executive Management Committee referred to in Rule 33 of these Rules;


"Fee" includes annual subscription;


"Member" means a Member of the Society and includes an un-financial Member;


"Modality" means a modality of practise in Natural Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine or Natural Therapies and includes an ingestive modality;


"Natural Health Sciences" includes Natural Medicine, Chinese Medicine and Natural Therapies and all modalities of Natural Medicine, Chinese Medicine and Natural Therapies;


"Natural Health Practitioner" means a Member who is qualified to practise in one or more of the accredited modalities of Natural Health Sciences and who is, in respect of such a modality, acceptable in character, qualification and ability for the purposes of accreditation by the Society as a Natural Health Practitioner; and


“New Zealand Charter” means the New Zealand Charter of Health Practitioners adopted by The New Zealand Charter of Health Practitioners Incorporated (New Zealand).


3.   (2) For the purposes of these Rules, an "approved teaching establishment" means any one or more of the Universities, Schools, Colleges, Institutes, Academies or training establishments whose curriculum and documents of academic achievement are acceptable for consideration by the Society for the purposes of accreditation of Natural Therapists (at any level) who are graduates of those establishments or who have satisfactorily completed studies at, or in respect of, such establishments.


Division 3 - Powers of the Society


POWERS


4. The powers of the Society are –


to take over the funds and other assets and the liabilities of the former unincorporated association known as the "The Society of Natural Therapists and 


       Researchers"

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED


(b) to subscribe to, become a Member of and co-operate with any other association, club or organisation, provided that the Association shall not support with its funds any club, association or organisation which does not prohibit the distribution of its income and property among its Members to an extent at least as great as that imposed on the 

Association under or by virtue of Rule 51(10);


(c) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to buy, sell and deal in all kinds of articles, commodities and provisions, both liquid and solid, for the Members of the Society or persons frequenting the Society's premises;


(d) to purchase, take on lease or in exchange, hire and otherwise acquire any lands, buildings, easements or property, real and personal, and any rights or privileges which may be requisite for the purposes of, or capable of being conveniently used in connection with, any of the objects of the Society: Provided that in case the Society shall take or hold any property which may be subject to any trusts the Society shall only deal with the same in such manner as is allowed by law having regard to such trusts;


(e) to enter into any arrangements with any Government or Authority that are incidental or conducive to the attainment of the objects and exercise of the powers of the Society; to obtain from any such Government or Authority any rights, privileges and concessions which the Society may think it desirable to obtain; and to carry out, exercise and comply with any such arrangements, rights, privileges and concessions;


(f) to appoint, employ, remove or suspend such managers, clerks, secretaries, servants, workmen and other persons as may be necessary or convenient for the purposes of the Society;


(g) to remunerate any person or body corporate for services rendered, or to be rendered, and whether by way of brokerage or otherwise in placing or assisting to place or guaranteeing the placing of any unsecured notes, debentures or other securities of the incorporated association, or in or about the incorporated association or promotion of the incorporated association or in the furtherance of its objects;


(h) to construct, improve, maintain, develop, work, manage, carry out, alter or control any houses, buildings, grounds, works or conveniences which may seems calculated directly or indirectly to advance the Society's interests, and to contribute to, subsidise or otherwise assist and take part in the construction, improvement, maintenance, development, working, management, carrying out, alteration or control thereof;


(i) to invest and deal with the money of the Society not immediately required in such manner as may from time to time be thought fit;


(j) to take, or otherwise acquire, and hold shares, debentures or other securities of any company or body corporate;


(k) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to lend and advance money or give credit to any person or body corporate; to guarantee and give guarantees or indemnities for the payment of money or the performance of contracts or obligations by any person or 

body corporate, and otherwise to assist any person or body corporate;


(l) to borrow or raise money either alone or jointly with any other person or legal entity 

in such manner as may be thought proper and whether upon fluctuating advance account or overdraft or otherwise to represent or secure any moneys and further advances borrowed or to be borrowed alone or with others as aforesaid by notes secured or unsecured, debentures or debenture stock perpetual or otherwise, or by mortgage, charge, lien or other security upon the whole or any part of the Society's property or assets present or future and to purchase, redeem or pay-off any such securities;


(m) to draw, make, accept, endorse, discount, execute and issue promissory notes, bills of exchange, bills or lading and other negotiable or transferable instruments;


(n) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to sell, improve, manage, develop, exchange, lease, dispose of, turn to account or otherwise deal with all or any part of the property and rights of the Society;


(o) to take or hold mortgages, liens or charges, to secure payment of the purchase price, or any unpaid balance of the purchase price, of any part of the Society's property of whatsoever kind sold by the Society, or any money due to the Society from purchasers and others;


(p) to take any gift or property whether subject to any special trust or not, for any one or more of the objects of the Society but subject always to the proviso in sub-Rule (4);


(q) to take such steps by personal or written appeals, public meetings or otherwise, as may from time to time be deemed expedient for the purpose of procuring contributions to the funds of the Society, in the shape of donations, annual subscriptions or otherwise;


(r) to print and publish any newspapers, periodicals, books or leaflets that the Society may think desirable for the promotion of its objects;


(s) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to amalgamate with any one or more incorporated associations having objects altogether or in part similar to those of the Society and which shall prohibit the distribution of its or their income and property among its or their Members to an extent at least as great as that imposed upon the Society under or by virtue of rule 51(10);


(t) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to purchase or otherwise acquire and undertake all or any part of the property, assets, liabilities and engagements of any one or more of the incorporated associations with which the Society is authorised to amalgamate; and


(u) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to transfer all or any part of the property, assets, liabilities and engagements of the Society to any one or more of the incorporated associations with which the Society is authorised to amalgamate.





[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981

General powers


25.   (1) An incorporated association has, in the exercise of its affairs, all the powers of an individual.

25.(2) An incorporated association may, for example—

     (a) enter into contracts; and

     (b) acquire, hold, deal with and dispose of property; and

     (c) make charges for services and facilities it supplies; and

     (d) do other things necessary or convenient to be done in carrying out its

                affairs.

25.(3) An incorporated association may also issue secured and unsecured notes, debentures and debenture stock for the association.]


ADMINISTRATIVE INSTRUMENTS


5. Subject to these Rules, the Executive Management Committee may issue and publish Administrative Instruments in respect of any administrative matter that it finds necessary or convenient to bring to the notice of Members.


POWERS, DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES


6.(1) Where a Rule or By-law confers a power upon, imposes a duty on, or grants a discretion to, a Member or the holder of a position or Office, then, unless the contrary intention appears, the power or discretion may be exercised, and the duty shall be performed, from time to time, by the Member or holder of the position or Office as the occasion requires.


6.(2) The powers, duties or discretions so conferred, imposed or granted shall apply equally to a Member who is, for the time being, acting in the capacity of, or performing the functions and duties of, the holder of a position or Office.


POWER OF APPOINTMENT


7. Subject to these Rules, where a Rule or By-law confers upon any Member the power to appoint a Member or person to any Office or position without election (other than an appointment under Rule 36), then, unless the contrary intention appears, the power shall, subject to any conditions or recommendations required to be taken into consideration, be construed as including a power to revoke the appointment and to appoint another Member or person, as the case allows, instead.


PATRONS


8.(1) A Patron or Patrons of the Society may be appointed by the Executive Management Committee for a fixed term not exceeding 3 years.


8.(2) Upon appointment, a Patron shall be made an Honorary Member of the Society.


8.(3) At the discretion of the Committee, a Patron may be appointed further at the expiration of his or her term of Office.


Division 4 - Classification of Membership and Accreditation


CERTIFICATES


9.(1) Subject to this Rule, 'Certificates of Membership' or combined 'Certificates of Membership and Accreditation' to the Society may be issued in respect of each level of Membership.


9.(2) Where appropriate, a Member shall be issued with a combined 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' only in respect of the highest level that may be properly awarded to the Member in a particular case.


9.(3) A 'Certificate of Membership' and a combined 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' issued to a Member shall expire on the last day of February in each year, but may be renewed by the Executive Management Committee at the appropriate level as determined by the Committee upon payment of the relevant fees for the year next following.


9.(4) A Certificate of Exemption issued to a Member shall expire on the last day of February in each year but may be renewed or extended, as the case requires, by the Executive Management Committee –


(a) in respect of fees received by the Committee - on payment of fees for the year next following; or


(b) in the case of a Member who applies, or in respect of whom an application is made, for a delay in payment of such fees - for such period permitted by the Executive Management Committee until such payment of fees is received.


LEVELS OF MEMBERSHIP


10. The Membership of the Society shall consist of any of the following levels of Members: 


SUPPORT MEMBERSHIP: (without accreditation)


Support Member – not accredited


PROVISIONAL MEMBERSHIP: (without Professional Qualifications)


Student Member - not accredited


ORDINARY FULL MEMBERSHIP: (Professional Qualifications without a Certificate of Exemption)


Associate Member - primary professional accreditation



PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP: 

(Professional Qualifications -Certificate of Exemption may be issued)


Graduate Member - professional accreditation


PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP: 

(Professional Qualifications - Certificate of Exemption may be issued)


Ordinary Fellow - professional accreditation


SENIOR PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP: 

(Professional Qualifications with a Certificate of Exemption)


Senior Fellow - senior professional accreditation


SENIOR PROFESSIONAL RESEARCH MEMBERSHIP: 

(Professional Qualifications with a Certificate of Exemption)


Senior Research Fellow - professional research accreditation


HONORARY RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP


Honorary Research Fellow - not accredited.



Division 5 - Membership Fees and Annual Subscriptions


JOINING FEES AND ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS


11.(1) Subject to this Rule, the amount of the joining fee, annual subscription or any other Society fees –


(a) in respect of each level of Membership and each level of Membership

and Accreditation;


(b) in respect of an approved teaching establishment; or


(c) in respect of a Certificate of Exemption, as the case may be, or any other relevant fee relating to the issue of any documents, may be determined in the first instance by the Executive Management Committee, but may be set thereafter by the vote of the Members present at any General Meeting.


11.(2) The annual subscription and any other Society fees shall be payable at such time and in such manner as the Executive Management Committee shall from time to time determine.



Division 6 - Admission and Rejection of Members


CONSIDERATION OF APPLICANTS


12.(1) At, or prior to, the next meeting of the Executive Management Committee, after the receipt of any application and the fees applicable for any class of Membership, such application shall be considered by the Executive Management Committee.


12. (2) Notwithstanding that a person holds qualifications or has experience sufficient for accreditation, after receipt of the application of the person for Membership, the Executive Management Committee, after taking into account the character and reputation of the applicant, shall thereupon determine upon the admission or rejection of that applicant.


12.(3) Any applicant who receives a majority of the votes of the Members of the Executive Management Committee prior to, or at, the meeting at which such application is being considered and who holds the relevant qualifications (if applicable) shall be accepted as a Member to the level of Membership applied for, or such other level as determined by the Committee.


12.(4) Upon the acceptance or rejection of an application for any class of Membership, the National Secretary or the President, as the case requires, shall give the applicant notice in writing of such acceptance or rejection.



[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)


Rights of members


71.(1) Upon incorporation the rules of the association shall constitute the terms of a contract between the members from time to time and the incorporated association.


72.(2) Where a member of an incorporated association is deprived by a decision of that association of a right conferred on the member by the rules of that association as a member thereof, the Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction to adjudicate upon the validity of that decision under the rules.


72.(3) An incorporated association shall be bound by the rules of natural justice in adjudicating upon the rights of its members conferred by the rules of such association on its members.


HONORARY MEMBERS


13. Where, in the opinion of the Executive Management Committee, a Member has made some outstanding contribution to the Society and has been so unanimously recommended by the Executive Management Committee, the Member may be granted (without payment of fees) as each case may allow –




status as an Honorary Member of the Society (other than an Honorary Research Fellow); or



(b) life membership; or


(c) life membership and accreditation, as each case may properly allow.


NOMINATIONS NOT REQUIRED


14. Subject to these Rules, the Executive Management Committee may admit a person to a class of Membership or Membership and Accreditation upon the application of that person without the nomination of another.


NUMBER OF MEMBERS UNLIMITED


15. The number of Members allowable for each of the levels of Membership of the Society shall be unlimited.


NUMBER OF 'CHARTERED PRACTITIONERS' UNLIMITED


16. Membership of the Society does not prevent a Member being a Chartered Practitioner under either, or both, the Australian Charter or the New Zealand Charter.


Division 7 - Levels of Membership


STUDENT MEMBERSHIP


17.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Provisional Membership of the Society as a 'Student Member' if the person is enrolled in a course of study in Natural Health Sciences at an 'approved teaching establishment' or other establishment approved by the Society.


17.(2) A person may not be admitted to Student Membership if, in the opinion of the Executive Management Committee –


(a) the person is not actively engaged in studies at an approved teaching establishment; or


the person should be admitted to another level.



17. (3) A Student Member who is no longer so actively engaged in studies at an approved teaching establishment and who is not entitled to a higher level of Membership may be transferred down by the Executive Management Committee from Student Membership to Supporter Membership pending resumption of studies by that Member.


ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP


18. Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Ordinary Full Membership of the 




Society as an 'Associate Member' if the person is a Natural Health Practitioner acceptable to the Society for the purposes of primary accreditation as an Associate Member with respect to a modality of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is practising or intending to practise.


GRADUATE MEMBERSHIP


19.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Professional Membership of the Society as a 'Graduate Member' if the person is a Natural Health Practitioner –


(a) who has completed to the satisfaction of the Executive Management Committee an acceptable course of study in:


(i) the subjects of Anatomy and Physiology; and


(ii) at least three other subjects which are acceptable to the Society for the purposes of primary accreditation with respect to the modalities of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is qualified; or


(b) whose qualifications and depth of experience are acceptable to the Society for the purposes of professional accreditation as a Graduate Member with respect to those modalities of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is practising or intending to practise.


19.(2) The required standard for any subjects which are acceptable to the Society in a particular case shall be as determined by the Executive Management Committee.


FELLOWSHIP


20.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Professional Membership of the Society as a 'Fellow' if the person is a Natural Health Practitioner –


(a) who, after completion of an acceptable course of advanced studies at Associate Diploma level or its equivalent, is qualified and trained to the satisfaction of the Executive Management Committee; or


(b) whose qualifications and training are acceptable to the Society for the purposes of professional accreditation as a Fellow with respect to those modalities of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is practising or intending to practise; or


(c) as a Chartered Natural Health Practitioner in –


(i) the Natural Therapies Profession;


(ii) the Indigenous Natural Healing Profession; or


(iii) the Traditional Maori Medicine Profession, of the Australian Charter or the New Zealand Charter in a capacity equivalent to that of a Fellow in the Society.




20.(2) Qualifications and training which are acceptable to the Society in a particular case shall be as determined by the Executive Management Committee.


SENIOR FELLOWSHIP


21.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Senior Professional Membership of the Society as a 'Senior Fellow' if the person is a Natural Health Practitioner –


(a) who, after completion of an acceptable course of advanced studies at full Diploma level or its equivalent, or higher, is qualified and trained to the satisfaction of the Executive Management Committee in the modalities of Naturopathy, Homoeopathy, Nutrition, Herbal Medicine, Osteopathy, Chiropractics, Acupuncture or Traditional Chinese Medicine; or


(b) whose qualifications and training are acceptable to the Society for the purposes of professional accreditation as a Senior Fellow with respect to those modalities of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is practising or intending to practise; or


(c) as a Chartered Natural Health Practitioner in –


(i) the Natural Medicine Profession;


(ii) the Indigenous Natural Healing Profession;


(iii) the Traditional Maori Medicine Profession; or


(iv) the Chinese Medicine Profession, of the Australian Charter or the New Zealand Charter in a capacity equivalent to that of a Senior Fellow or Senior Research Fellow in the Society.


21.(2) Qualifications and training which are acceptable to the Society in a particular case shall be as determined by the Executive Management Committee.


HONORARY RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP


22.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to 'Honorary Research Fellowship' of the Society if the person holds any Masters Degree or Doctorate issued from a recognised University, Academy, School or Institute although not necessarily being in subjects of Natural Health Sciences.


22.(2) A person who is admitted to 'Honorary Research Fellow' shall be so admitted without accreditation as a Natural Health Practitioner.


SENIOR RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP


23.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Senior Professional Research Membership of the Society as a 'Senior Research Fellow' if the person:




(a) is a Natural Health Practitioner or other health professional who holds a Diploma or Degree (or its deemed equivalent in each case), or has qualifications and training which are acceptable to the Executive Management Committee for the purposes of Professional Research accreditation as a 'Senior Research Fellow' of the Society; and


(b) in the case of a Natural Health Practitioner - has been in full clinical practise for a minimum of 5 years –


(i) as a Member of the Society at the level of Senior Fellow or higher, or at an equivalent level if the person has not been a Member of the Society but has been a Member of another Association or a Society of Natural Health Practitioners; or


(ii) as a Chartered Natural Health Practitioner in the Australian Charter or the New Zealand Charter in a capacity equivalent to that of a Senior Fellow or Senior Research Fellow in the Society.


23.(2) A person who is admitted to Senior Research Fellowship may be so admitted with full senior professional research accreditation as a Natural Health Practitioner under the auspices of the 'Australasian Collegiate of Natural Health Practitioners and Research'.



Division 8 - Termination of Membership


TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP


24.(1) A Member may resign from the Society at any time by giving notice in writing to the National Secretary.


24.(2) The resignation shall take effect at the time such notice is received by the National Secretary unless a later date is specified in the notice when it shall take effect on the later date (provided that the date is not later than the date whereby membership in respect of a particular year has concluded).


24(3) If a Member –


(a) is convicted of an indictable offence;


(b) is an undischarged bankrupt;


(c) fails to comply with any of the provisions of these Rules or the Bylaws which are applicable to the Member;


(d) fails to comply with any law that is applicable to the Member whether as a member of the Society or as a Natural Health Practitioner;


(e) is an un-financial Member with Membership fees in arrears for a period of two months or more; or


(f) conducts himself or herself, as the case may be, in a manner considered by the Executive Management Committee to be injurious or prejudicial to the character or interests of the Society or in a manner which could bring the Society into disrepute, the Executive Management Committee shall consider whether his or her Membership shall be terminated.


24.(4) Members concerned shall be given a full and fair opportunity of presenting their case, and if the Executive Management Committee resolves to terminate their Membership, it shall instruct the National Secretary to advise the relevant Member in writing accordingly.


24.(5) Prior to the determination of the Executive Management Committee referred to in sub-rule (4), the Committee may 'suspend' the Membership of the Member pending the outcome of the relevant case, and may likewise suspend the Accreditation of the Member and any Certificate of Exemption issued to that Member.


24.(6) Where the Membership of a Member is terminated or for any other reason a person ceases to be a Member, any Certificate of Membership, Certificate of Accreditation and Certificate of Exemption that may have been issued by the Society to the Member or person shall become void immediately for all purposes for which it was issued.


MEMBERSHIP LAPSED


24A.(1) Where, in respect of a year of Membership, a Member is an un-financial Member with Membership fees in arrears for a period of 3 months or more, the Membership of the Member shall be deemed to have automatically lapsed, requiring the Member to rejoin the Society.


24A.(2) Where those fees are in arrears continuously for a period of 4 months, the Executive Management Committee may declare that the Membership of that Member shall be terminated without notification to the Member if the Committee has not heard from the Member since those fees first became due.


24A.(3) Where, in respect of a member referred to in this particular Rule, the member wishes to rejoin the Society without loss of service accounted for the period or periods during which the member’s membership was un-financial, the member may be reinstated without such loss of service in respect of that year or those years, as the member may require, upon receipt of the fees for the year or years, as the case may be, during which that period or those periods occurred together with the relevant joining fee applicable for the level of membership applied for and the fee for the year of membership so applied for.


APPEAL AGAINST REJECTION OR TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP


25.(1) A person whose application for Membership has been rejected or whose Membership has been suspended or terminated, as the case may be, may, within one month of receiving written notification thereof, lodge with the National Secretary or the President written notice of an intention to appeal against the decision of the Executive Management Committee. 


(2) Upon receipt of a notification of intention to appeal against rejection, suspension or termination of Membership, the National Secretary shall convene, within three months of the date of receipt by the Secretary of such notice, a general meeting to determine the appeal. 


(3) At any such meeting, the applicant shall be given the opportunity of fully present his or her case and the Executive Management Committee or those Members thereof who rejected the application for Membership or who suspended or terminated the Membership subsequently shall likewise have the opportunity of presenting its or their case.


25.(4) The appeal shall be determined by the vote of the Members at such meeting but shall not include a member of the Executive Management Committee in the determination of the result of that meeting.


25.(5) Where a person whose application is rejected does not appeal against the decision of the Executive Management Committee within the time prescribed by these Rules, or so appeals but the appeal is unsuccessful, the National Secretary shall forthwith refund the remainder of the amount of any fee paid in respect of the relevant year of membership less a reasonable sum for administrative costs.


Division 9 - Accreditation and Practise


ACADEMIC CRITERIA


26. The academic criteria for all purposes of the Society which relate to the issue of documents to, or presentation by, persons or Members that show their academic and meritocratic achievements for the purposes of membership or accreditation –


(a) in all cases where such documents are issued by an approved teaching establishment; and


(b) in all cases where such documents are presented by a person or a Member for approval by the Society for the purpose of determining –


(i) the level of Membership to be issued to the person or Member; or


(ii) the standard or levels with which the person or Member may be accredited, shall be as determined by the Executive Management Committee.


CERTIFICATES OF ACCREDITATION


27.(1) Subject to this Rule, a 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' may be issued to a Member in respect of the modality or modalities, as the case may be, in which the Member is deemed competent to practise.


27.(2) A Certificate shall not be issued to a Member unless the Member –


holds the relevant documents referred to in Rule 26; or



(b) is deemed by the Executive Management Committee as competent to practise in the modalities in respect of which an application is made by that Member; and


(c) is otherwise regarded by the Committee as a fit and proper person to practise as a Natural Health Practitioner.


27.(3) A Certificate shall not be issued to a Member until all relevant fees have been paid in respect of a particular year or years.


27.(4) A Certificate shall expire on the last day of February in each year but may be renewed by the Executive Management Committee upon payment of the relevant fees for year next following.


27.(5) For the purposes of renewal of membership for a particular year, the Executive Management Committee may call for renewal of subscriptions at any time prior to the conclusion of a year of membership.


CERTIFICATES OF EXEMPTION


27A.(1) Subject to this Rule, a 'Certificate of Exemption' may be issued to a Graduate, Fellow, Senior Fellow or Senior Research Fellow, as the case may require, in respect of an ingestive modality or the ingestive modalities in which the Member is deemed qualified to practise.


27.(2) A 'Certificate of Exemption' shall not be issued to a Member unless the Member –


(a) has the qualifications and training referred to in sub regulation 4(2A) of the Therapeutic Goods Regulations (Cwth);


(b) holds a current 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' at the level of Graduate, Fellow, Senior Fellow or Senior Research Fellow, as the case may be; and


(c) is a financial Member of the Society with all relevant fees fully paid in respect of the year in which the Certificate of Exemption is to be issued.


27.(3) For the purposes of this Rule, a Member shall not use a 'Certificate of Exemption' in order to acquire any therapeutic goods relating to a modality of practise other than that modality in respect of which the Certificate is issued.


PROHIBITION ON PRACTISING MODALITIES


28.(1) A Member shall not, under the purported authority of these Rules –


(a) practise a modality of the Natural Health Professions; or


(b) dispense natural medication to, or otherwise treat, a person, unless the Member is an Accredited Natural Health Practitioner holding a Certificate of Accreditation referred to in Rule 27.


28.(2) For the purposes of this Rule, a Member shall refrain from practising as an Accredited Natural Health Practitioner in any ingestive modalities in respect of any relevant exemption which applies under the Therapeutic Goods Act or the Therapeutic Goods Regulations other than those in respect of which a current 'Certificate of Exemption' has been issued to the Member or, if no such Certificate has been issued, other than those in respect of which the member is qualified.


Division 10 - Registers


REGISTER OF MEMBERS


29.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall cause a Register to be kept in which shall be entered the names and addresses (either residential or postal) of all persons admitted to Membership of the Society.


29.(2) Particulars shall also be entered into the Register of deaths, resignations, terminations and reinstatements of Membership and any further particulars as the Management Committee or the Members at any general meeting may require from time to time.


REGISTER OF CLINICS


30.(1) As soon as practicable after the commencement of these Rules, the Executive Committee of Management may, with the authority of each relevant Member concerned, cause to be published a Register of Clinics of Members accredited by the Society specifying the modalities of treatment offered at those clinics.


30.(2) For the purposes of compiling the Register, a Member who operates a clinic shall, upon the request of the Executive Management Committee, supply the relevant information to the National Secretary in respect of the clinic.


30.(3) In this Rule, a reference to a clinic shall be construed as a reference to the place of work or business of a Member who is treating the public by means of Natural Therapies.


REGISTER OF APPROVED TRAINING CENTRES


31.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall cause a Register to be kept in which shall be entered the particulars of all 'Approved Training Centres'.


31.(2) For the purposes of compiling the Register, a Member who operates an Approved Training Centre shall, upon the request of the National Secretary (acting on behalf of the Executive Management Committee) for information relating to the Centre or the persons employed thereat, supply the relevant information to the National Secretary in respect of that Centre.


31.(3) An 'Approved Training Centre' shall be operated by an Accredited Natural Health Practitioner holding at least the level of Fellow of the Society.


31.(4) In this Rule, a reference to an 'Approved Training Centre' shall be construed as a reference to an approved teaching establishment, a clinic or any other appropriate place which has been approved by the Executive Management Committee for the purposes of providing Members with an opportunity to complete the required number of hours of supervised clinical practise in respect of a modality of Natural Health Sciences.


ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

32. A Member shall advise the National Secretary of any change of residential address or postal address or the address of any clinic, teaching establishment or training centre operated by the Member.


Division 11 - Executive Management Committee


EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


33.(1) The Executive Management Committee of the Society shall consist of a President, Vice President, National Secretary, and Treasurer all of whom (with the exception of the National Secretary) –


(a) shall be Members of the Society of or above the level of Fellow;


(b) subject to Rule 35, shall hold Office for a period of 3 years; and

(c) may be re-elected.


33.(2) At each fourth Annual General Meeting thereafter, all the Members of the Executive Management Committee for the time being shall retire from office, but shall be eligible upon nomination for re-election.


33.(3) At the commencement of these Rules, as amended, the existing Officers of the Executive Management Committee referred to in sub-rule (1) of this Rule who were holding Office prior to the Special Resolution giving effect to these Rules in the year2000 shall retain Office until the appropriate elections are held for the purposes of sub-rule (2) of this Rule.


ELECTION OF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


34. The election of Officers (and, where required by the general membership of the Society, other Members of the Executive Management Committee) shall take place in the following manner –


(a) any two Members of the Society shall be at liberty to nominate any other Member to serve as an officer or other Member of the Executive Management Committee;


(b) the nomination, which shall be in writing and signed by the Member and the Member's proposer and seconder, shall be lodged with the National Secretary at least fourteen days before the annual general meeting at which the election is to take place;

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(c) a list of the candidates' names in alphabetical order, with the proposers' and seconders' names, shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the office or usual place of meeting of the Society for at least seven days immediately preceding the Annual General Meeting;


(d) balloting lists (if necessary) shall be prepared containing the names of the candidates in alphabetical order, and each Member present at the Annual General Meeting shall be entitled to vote for any number of such candidates not exceeding the number of vacancies; and


(e) if, at the commencement of such meeting, there is an insufficient number of candidates nominated, nominations may be taken from the floor of the meeting.


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)

Eligibility for election to a management committee


61A.(1) A person is not eligible to be elected as a member of an

incorporated association’s management committee if—


(a) the person has been convicted—

(i) on indictment; or

(ii) summarily and sentenced to imprisonment, other than in default of payment of a fine; and


(b) the rehabilitation period in relation to the conviction has not

expired.


61A.(1A) Also, a person is not eligible to be elected as a member of an

incorporated association’s management committee if—


(a) under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cwth) or the law of an external territory or another country, the person is an undischarged bankrupt; or


(b) the person has executed a deed of arrangement under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cwth), part X or a corresponding law of an external territory or another country and the terms of the deed have not been fully complied with; or


(c) the person’s creditors have accepted a composition under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cwth), part X or a corresponding law of an external territory or another country and a final payment has not been made under the composition.


61A.(2) In this section—

“rehabilitation period” has the meaning given in the Criminal Law (Rehabilitation of Offenders) Act 1986. 


Election of management committee


62.(1) The members of the management committee shall be elected at the annual 

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general meeting or any general meeting of the incorporated association in accordance with its rules.


62.(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) the rules of an incorporated association may permit the management committee to fill a casual vacancy on the management committee.]


RESIGNATION OF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


35.(1) Any Member of the Executive Management Committee may resign from Membership of the Executive Management Committee at any time by giving notice in writing to the National Secretary, but such resignation shall take effect at the time such notice is received by the National Secretary unless a later date is specified in the notice when it shall take effect on that later date.


35.(2) Any Member of the Executive Management Committee may be removed from office at a General Meeting of the Society, but that Member shall be given the opportunity to fully present his or her case. The question of removal shall be determined by the vote of the Members present at such a General Meeting.


VACANCIES ON THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


36.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall have power at any time to appoint any Member of the Society to fill any casual vacancy on the Executive Management Committee until the next Annual General Meeting.


36.(2) The continuing Members of the Executive Management Committee may act notwithstanding any casual vacancy in the Executive Management Committee, but if and so long as their number is reduced below the number fixed by or pursuant to these Rules as the necessary quorum of the Executive Management Committee, the continuing Member or Members may act for the purpose of increasing the number of Members of the Executive Management Committee to that number or of summoning a general meeting of the Society, but for no other purpose.


FUNCTIONS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


37.(1) Except as otherwise provided by these Rules and subject to resolutions of the Members of the Society carried at any General Meeting, the Executive Management Committee –


(a) shall have the general control and management of the administration of the affairs, property and funds of the Society; and


(b) shall have authority to interpret the meaning of these Rules and any matter relating to the Society on which these Rules are silent, ambiguous or unclear.


37.(2) The Executive Management Committee may at any time exercise all the power of the Society –

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(a) to borrow or raise or secure the payment of money in such manner as the Members of the Society may think fit and secure the same or the payment or performance of any debt, liability, contract, guarantee or other engagement incurred or to be entered into by the Society in any way and in particular by the issue of debentures, perpetual or otherwise, charged upon all or any of the Society's property, both present and future, and to purchase, redeem or pay off any such securities;


(b) to borrow money from Members at a rate of interest not exceeding interest at the rate for the time being charged by bankers in Brisbane for overdrawn accounts on money lent, whether the term of the loan be short or long, and to mortgage or charge its property or any part thereof and to issue debentures and other securities, whether outright or as security for any debt, liability or obligation of the Society, and to provide and pay off any such securities; and (c) to invest in such manner as the Members of the Society may from time to time determine.


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)

Management Committee


60.(1) Subject to this Act, the business and operations of an incorporated association shall be controlled by a management committee.


60.(2) Every member of the management committee and any manager duly appointed by the management committee acting in the business or operations of the incorporated association shall be deemed to be the agent of the incorporated association for all purposes within its objects.


60.(3) The acts of a member of the management committee shall be valid notwithstanding any defect that may afterwards be discovered in the member’s appointment or qualifications. Membership of management committee


61.(1) An incorporated association must have a management committee.


61.(2) All members of the management committee must be adults.


61.(3) The management committee must have at least 3 members of whom—


(a) 1 holds the office of president; and


(b) another holds the office of treasurer.]



Division 12 - Meetings


MEETINGS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


38.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall hold a meeting at least once every 4 calendar months to exercise its functions.


38.(2) A special meeting of the Executive Management Committee shall be convened by the National Secretary on the requisition in writing signed by not less than one-third of the Members of the Executive Management Committee, which requisition shall clearly state the reasons why such special meeting is being convened and the nature of the business to be transacted thereat.


38.(3) At every meeting of the Executive Management Committee a simple majority of a number equal to the number of Members elected or appointed to the Executive Management Committee as at the close of the last general meeting of the Members, shall constitute a quorum.


38.(4) Subject as previously provided in this rule, the Executive Management Committee may hold meetings and regulate its proceedings as it thinks fit: Provided that questions arising at any meeting of the Executive Management Committee shall be decided by a majority of votes and, in the case of equality of votes, the question shall be deemed to be decided in the negative.


38.(5) A Member of the Executive Management Committee shall not vote in respect of any contract or proposed contract with the Society in which the Member is interested, or any matter arising thereout, and if that Member does so vote, the vote shall not be counted.


38.(6) Not less than fourteen days notice shall be given by the National Secretary to Members of the Executive Management Committee of any special meeting of the Executive Management Committee. Such notice shall clearly state the nature of the business to be discussed thereat.


38.(7) The President shall preside as Chair manager at every meeting of the Executive Management Committee, or if there is no President, or if at any meeting the President is not present within ten minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the Vice-President shall be Chair manager or if the Vice-President is not present at the meeting then the Members may choose one of their number to be Chair manager of the meeting. Stupit clause


38 (8) If within half an hour from the time appointed for the commencement of an Executive Management Committee meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened upon the requisition of Members of the Executive Management Committee, shall lapse. In any other case it shall stand adjourned to the same day in the next week at the same time and place, or to such other day and at such other time and place as the Executive Management Committee may determine, and if at the adjourned meeting a quorum is not present within half an hour from the time appointed for the meeting, the meeting shall lapse.


38.(9) If after a lapsed meeting referred to in sub-rule (8) of this Rule a further meeting is to be held and a quorum is unable to be maintained at that meeting, the meeting may proceed without a quorum. 3rd time


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)

Meetings of management committee


63.(1) Meetings of the management committee shall be held as often as may be necessary for properly conducting the business and operations of the incorporated association, but shall be held at least once in every 4 calendar months and a quorum for a meeting shall be prescribed by the rules.


63.(2) The management committee may hold meetings, or allow members to take part in its meetings, by telephone, video link or another form of communication.


SUB-COMMITTEES


39.(1) The Executive Management Committee may delegate any of its powers to a sub-committee consisting of such Members of the Society as the Executive Management Committee thinks fit.


39.(2) Any sub-committee so formed shall in the exercise of the powers so delegated conform to any regulations (including the taking of minutes to be signed by the chair manager upon their completion, and their immediate conveyance to the National Secretary) that may be imposed on it by the Executive Management Committee.


39.(3) A sub-committee may elect a Chair manager of its meetings and if no such Chair manager is elected, or if at any meeting the Chair manager is not present within ten minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the Members present may choose one of their number to be Chair manager of the meeting.


39.(4) A sub-committee may meet and adjourn as it thinks proper.


39.(5) Questions arising at any meeting shall be determined by a majority of votes of the Members present and, in the case of an equality of votes, the question shall be deemed to be decided in the negative.


ACTS VALIDATED


40. All acts done at any meeting of the Executive Management Committee or of a sub-committee or by any person acting as a Member of the Executive Management Committee shall, notwithstanding that it is afterwards discovered that there was some defect in the appointment of any such Member of the Executive Management Committee or person acting as aforesaid, or that the Members of the Executive Management Committee or any of them were disqualified, be as valid as if every such person had been duly appointed and was qualified to be a Member of the Executive Management Committee.


41. A resolution in writing signed by all the Members of the Executive Management Committee for the time being entitled to receive notice of a meeting of the Executive Management Committee shall be as valid and effectual as if it had been passed at a meeting of the Executive Management Committee duly convened and held. Any such resolution may consist of several documents in like form, each signed by one or more Members of the Executive Management Committee.




ANNUAL OR GENERAL MEETINGS


42. The first General Meeting shall be held at such time, not being less than one month nor more than three months after the incorporation of the Society, and at such place as the Executive Management Committee may determine.


43.(1) The Annual General Meeting shall be held within three months of the close of the financial year. September


43.(2) Business to be transacted at every Annual General Meeting shall be –


(a) receiving the Executive Management Committee's report and the statement of income and expenditure, assets and liabilities and mortgages, charges and securities affecting the property of the Society for the preceding financial year;


(b) receiving of the auditor's report upon the books and accounts for the preceding financial year;


(c) election of Members of the Executive Management Committee; and


(d) appointment of an auditor.


44. The National Secretary shall convene a Special General Meeting –


(a) when directed to do so by the Executive Management Committee; or


(b) on the requisition in writing signed by not less than one-third of the Members presently on the Executive Management Committee or not less than the number of ordinary Members of the Society which equals double the number of Members presently on the Executive Management Committee plus one. Such requisition shall clearly state the reasons why such special general meeting is being convened and the nature of the business to be transacted thereat; or


(c) on being given a notice in writing of an intention to appeal against the decision of the Executive Management Committee to reject an application for Membership or to terminate the Membership of any person.


45.(1) At any General Meeting the number of Members required to constitute a quorum shall be double the number of Members presently on the Executive Management Committee plus one.


45.(2) No business shall be transacted at any General Meeting unless a quorum of Members is present at the time when the meeting proceeds to 

business.

45.(3) For the purposes of this Rule, "Member" includes a person attending as a proxy or as representing a corporation that is a Member.


45.(4) If within half an hour after the time appointed for the commencement of a General 

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



Meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened upon the requisition of Members of the Executive Management Committee or the Society, shall lapse.


45.(5) In any other case the meeting shall stand adjourned to the same day in the next week at the same time and place, or to such other day and at such other time and place as the Executive Management Committee may determine.


45.(6) If at the adjourned meeting a quorum is not present within half an hour from the time appointed for the meeting, the Members present shall be a quorum.


45.(7) The Chair manager may, with the consent of any meeting at which a quorum is present (and shall if so directed by the meeting), adjourn the meeting from time to time and from place to place, but no business shall be transacted at any adjourned meeting other than the business left unfinished at the meeting from which the adjournment took place.


45.(8) When a meeting is adjourned for thirty days or more, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given as in the case of an original meeting.


45.(9) Save as aforesaid it shall not be necessary to give any notice of an adjournment or of the business to be transacted at an adjourned meeting.


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981

Subsequent annual general meetings


56. An incorporated association must hold subsequent annual general meetings—

(a) at least once each year; and

(b) within 6 months after the end of the association’s previous financial year.] discrepancy 43.1 (in 3 months,) 


NATIONAL SECRETARY TO CONVENE GENERAL MEETINGS


46.(1) The National Secretary shall convene all General Meetings of the Society by giving not less than 14 days notice of any such meeting to the Members of the Society.


46.(2) The Executive Management Committee shall determine the manner by which such notice shall be given.


Provided that notice of any meeting convened for the purpose of hearing and determining the appeal of a Member against the rejection or termination of Membership by the Executive Management Committee, shall be given in writing.


46.(3) Notice of a General Meeting shall clearly state the nature of the business to be discussed thereat.


CHAIR MANAGER AT GENERAL MEETINGS


47.(1) Unless otherwise provided by the Rules of the Society, at every General Meeting –


the President shall preside as Chair manager, or if there is no President, or if the 

President is not present within fifteen minutes after the time appointed for the holding of the meeting or is unwilling to act, the Vice-President shall be the Chair manager or if the Vice- President is not present or is unwilling to act then the Members present shall elect one of their number to be Chair manager of the meeting;



(b) the Chair manager shall maintain order and conduct the meeting in a proper and orderly manner;


(c) every question, matter or resolution shall be decided by a majority of votes of the Members present;


(d) every Member present shall be entitled to one vote and in the case of an equality of votes the Chair manager shall have a second or casting vote.


Provided that no Member shall be entitled to vote at any General Meeting if the Member's annual subscription is more than one month in arrears at the date of the meeting;


(e) voting shall be by show of hands or a division of Members, unless not less than one-fifth of the Members present demand a ballot - in which event there shall be a secret ballot - and the Chair manager shall appoint two Members to conduct the secret ballot in such manner as the Chair manager shall determine and the result of the ballot as declared by the Chair manager shall be deemed to be the resolution of the meeting at which the ballot was demanded;


(f) a Member may vote in person or by proxy or by attorney and in a show of hands every person present who is a Member or a representative of a Member shall have one vote and in a secret ballot every Member present in person or by proxy or by attorney or other duly authorised representative shall have one vote;


(g) the instrument appointing a proxy shall be in writing, in the common or usual form under the hand of the appointor or of the appointor's attorney duly authorised in writing and


(i) a proxy shall be a financial Member of the Society;


(ii) the instrument appointing a proxy shall be deemed to confer authority to demand or join in demanding a secret ballot;


(h) where it is desired to afford Members an opportunity of voting for or against a resolution the instrument appointing a proxy shall be in the following form or a form as near thereto as circumstances permit -






SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



ASSOCIATION


I, ......... of ……….being a Member of the above named Society, hereby appoint ............... of .............. or failing that person, .................. of ................ as my proxy to vote for me on my behalf at the (Annual) General Meeting at the Society, to be held on the .... day of ....... 200?., and at any adjournment thereof.


Signed ............................


Dated this ................... day of .................... 200?


This form is to be used:   (*) in favour of the resolution.

               (*) against.


(*) strike out whichever is not desired. (Unless otherwise instructed, the proxy may vote as he or she thinks fit.).


(2) The instrument appointing a proxy shall be deposited with the National Secretary prior to the commencement of any meeting or adjourned meeting at which the person named in the instrument proposes to vote.


(3) The National Secretary shall cause full and accurate minutes of all questions, matters, resolutions and other proceedings of every Executive Management Committee meeting and general meeting to be entered in a book to be open for inspection at all reasonable times by any financial Member who previously applies to the National Secretary for that inspection.


(4) For the purposes of ensuring the accuracy of the recording of such minutes, the minutes of every Executive Management Committee meeting shall be signed by the Chair manager of that meeting or the Chair manager of the next succeeding Executive Management Committee meeting verifying their accuracy.


(5) The minutes of every general meeting shall be signed by the Chair manager of that meeting or the Chair manager of the next succeeding General Meeting.


Provided that the minutes of any Annual General Meeting shall be signed by the Chair manager of that meeting or the Chair manager of the next succeeding General Meeting or Annual General Meeting.


Division 13 - By-Laws


INTERNAL MANAGEMENT


48. The Executive Management Committee may from time to time make, amend or repeal By-laws, not inconsistent with these Rules, for the internal management of the Society and any By-law may be set aside by a General Meeting of Members.


Division 14 - Alteration of Rules

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SPECIAL RESOLUTION REQUIRED


49. Subject to the provisions of the Associations Incorporation Act (Qld) in force from time to time, these Rules may be amended, rescinded or added to from time to time by a special resolution carried at any General Meeting.


Provided that no such amendment, rescission or addition shall be valid unless the same shall have been previously submitted to and approved by the relevant authority under the Associations Incorporation Act.


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981

Special resolutions


3.(1) Written notice of a proposed special resolution, and of the time and place of the general meeting at which it is proposed to move the resolution, must be given personally or by post, as required under the association’s rules, before the general meeting to each member of the association who has a right to vote on the resolution.


3.(2) The notice must state the terms of the proposed special resolution.


3.(3) A special resolution about which notice has not been given under this section has no effect.


3.(4) A declaration by the person presiding at a general meeting that a resolution has been passed at the meeting by the votes of 3/4 of the members who are present and entitled to vote on the resolution is conclusive evidence of the fact, unless a poll is demanded at the meeting. 


Registration of amendment


49.(1) If the chief executive grants the application for registration of the amendment of the incorporated association’s rules, the chief executive must register the amendment.


49.(2) On registration of the amendment, the incorporated association’s rules are its rules as amended. 


Effect of amended rules


50.(1) In this section—

“new rules” of an incorporated association means the association’s rules on registration of an amendment of its rules.


“old rules” of an incorporated association means the association’s rules immediately before registration of an amendment of its rules.


“registration” means registration under this division.


50.(2) The new rules of an incorporated association do not affect a right, liability or obligation under the association’s old rules.


50.(3) However, rights, liabilities and obligations under the old rules are extinguished to the extent they—


(a) existed between—


(i) a member of the incorporated association and the incorporated association; or


(ii) the incorporated association’s members; and


(b) were not the subject of litigation immediately before the registration of the new rules.]


Division 15 - Common Seal


SAFE CUSTODY AND USE


50.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall provide for a Common Seal and for its safe custody.


50.(2) The Common Seal shall only be used by the authority of the Executive Management Committee and every instrument to which the seal is affixed shall be signed by a Member of the Executive Management Committee and shall be countersigned by the National Secretary or by a second Member of the Executive Management Committee or by some other person appointed by the Executive Management Committee for the purpose.


Division 16 - Funds and Accounts


DEPOSITS

51.(1) The funds of the Society shall be deposited in the name of the Society in such bank or Permanent Building Society as the Executive Management Committee may from time to time direct.


51.(2) Proper books and accounts shall be kept and maintained either in written or printed form in the English language showing correctly the financial affairs of the Society and the particulars usually shown in books of a like nature.


51.(3) All moneys shall be deposited as soon as practicable after receipt thereof.


51. (4) All amounts of $100 or over shall be paid by cheque signed by any two of the Executive Management Committee or other Member authorised from time to time by the Executive Management Committee.


51. (5) Cheques shall be crossed "not negotiable" except those in payment of wages, allowances or petty cash recoupment’s which may be open.


51. (6) The Executive Management Committee shall determine the amount of petty cash that shall be kept on the imprest system.


51. (7) All expenditure shall be approved or ratified at a meeting of the Executive Management Committee.


51. (8) As soon as practicable after the end of each financial year the Treasurer shall cause to be prepared a statement containing particulars of –


(a) the income and expenditure for the financial year just ended; and


the assets and liabilities and of all mortgages, charges and securities affecting the 



property of the Society at the close of that year.



51. (9) All such statements shall be examined by the auditor who shall present his or her report upon such audit to the National Secretary prior to the holding of the Annual General Meeting next following the financial year in respect of which such audit was made.


51. (10) The income and property of the Society whensoever derived shall be used and applied solely in promotion of its objects and in the exercise of its powers as set out herein and no portion thereof shall be distributed, paid or transferred directly or indirectly by way of dividend, bonus or otherwise by way of profit to or amongst the Members of the Society.


Provided that nothing herein contained shall prevent the payment in good faith of interest to any such Member in respect of moneys advanced by the Member to the Society or otherwise owing by the Society to the Member or of remuneration to any officers or servants of the Society or to any Member of the Society or other person in return for any services actually rendered to the Society provided further that nothing herein contained shall be construed so as to prevent the payment or repayment to any Member of out of pocket expenses, money lent, reasonable and proper charges for goods hired by the Society or reasonable and proper rent for premises demised or let to the Society.


Division 17 - Miscellaneous Provisions


DOCUMENTS


52. The Executive Management Committee shall provide for the safe custody of books, documents, instruments of title and securities of the Society.


FINANCIAL YEAR

53. The financial year of the Society shall close on the 30th day of June in each year.


DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS ASSETS


54. If the Society shall be wound up in accordance with the provisions of the Associations Incorporation Act (Qld, and there remains, after satisfaction of all its debts and liabilities, 

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



any property whatsoever, the same shall not be paid to or distributed among the Members of the Society, but shall be given or transferred to some other institution or institutions having objects similar to the objects of the Society, and which shall prohibit the distribution of its or their income and property among its or their Members to an extent at least as great as is imposed on the Society under or by virtue of Rule 51(10), such institution or institutions to be determined by the Members of the Society.


Division 18 - Legal Obligations


THERAPEUTIC GOODS ACT AND REGULATIONS (CWTH)


55. Notwithstanding anything else in these Rules, a Member shall not, for any purpose, be accepted for accreditation by the Society as, or in the capacity of, a Herbalist, Naturopath, 

Homoeopathic Practitioner, Chiropractor, Osteopath, Nutritionist, Practitioner of Traditional Chinese Medicine or other status unless the Member has first fulfilled the relevant requirements (if any) of these Rules or the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cwth) and the Therapeutic Goods Regulations, Statutory Rules 1990 No. 394 or any other law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory which affects that status or capacity.


LEGAL OBLIGATIONS


56. Nothing in these Rules shall be taken to limit or detract from the responsibility of any Member –


(a) to comply with any restriction that may be placed upon the Member; or


(b) to perform any duty that may be imposed upon the Member, by any law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory –


(i) with respect to the treatment of, or dispensing of any medication or other article to, any person or patient; or


(ii) with respect to the holding of any Office or position within the Society.


Division 19 – Interstate and International Offices


ADDITIONAL SOCIETY OFFICES


57.(1) The Executive Management Committee may establish Interstate and International Offices of the Society (in each case not being an official registered Office referred to in section 17 of the Associations Incorporation Act 1981 or an Office established in respect of the President, Treasurer or National Secretary) to be administered by a member of the Society in a voluntary capacity only, subject always to the authority of the Management Committee.


57.(2) The purpose of an Office referred to this Rule is to provide members in the areas in which such Office is established a means of closer communication with the Executive Management Committee in respect of the affairs of the Society.

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



Division 20 – Society Internet Website


SNTR INC. INTERNET WEBSITE


58.(1) The Executive Management Committee may establish an Internet Website for the Society, and may grant other persons or organisations access to the Website for purposes of the publication of their own respective WebPages.


58.(2) The Management Committee shall endeavour to maintain the Website on behalf of any person or organisation, and in that respect, the Committee –


shall maintain the Website on such terms and conditions, and at such times or 



intervals, as the Committee may decide as appropriate; and



(c) may levy a fee or costs upon any person or organisation in respect of such publication or its maintenance with regard to the WebPages of the relevant person or organisation granted publication-access to the Website.


58.(3) Payment of any costs for the establishment and maintenance of the WebPages (either for the Society or any persons or organisations, and whether established and maintained prior to the registration of these Rules, as amended) shall be borne by the Society, and the Society may hire or contract any person, corporation or organisation for the purpose of the establishment, maintenance or on-going extensions of the Website, as the case may be required.


58.(4) The Executive Management Committee reserves the right –


(a) to refuse to allow a person or organisation to publish WebPages on the Society Website; and


(b) to remove the WebPages of any person or organisation, if the Management Committee determines (without allowance for appeal) that the WebPages of, or requested by, the person or organisation, as the case may be, are of such a nature that publication of those pages could bring the Society into disrepute or if those WebPages are, become, or may be, contrary to any law of Australia or elsewhere.






INDEX TO RULES




1.   Name of the Society


Division 1 - Objects of the Society


2.   Objects


Division 2 - Definitions and Interpretations


3.   Definitions


Division 3 - Powers of the Society


4.   Powers

5.   Administrative Instruments

6.   Powers, Duties and Responsibilities

7.   Power of Appointment

8.   Patrons


Division 4 - Classification of Membership and Accreditation


9.   Certificates

10.   Levels of Membership



Division 5 - Membership Fees and Annual Subscriptions


11.   Joining Fees and Annual Subscriptions


Division 6 - Admission and Rejection of Members


12.   Consideration of Applicants

13.   Honorary Members

14.   Nominations not required

15.   Number of Members unlimited

16.   Number of 'Chartered Practitioners' Unlimited


Division 7 - Levels of Membership


17.   Student Membership

18.   Associate Membership

19.   Graduate Membership

20.   Ordinary Fellowship

21.   Senior Fellowship

22.   Honorary Research Fellowship

23.   Senior Research Fellowship


Division 8 - Termination of Membership


24.   Termination of Membership

24A.   Membership Lapsed

25.   Appeal against rejection or termination of Membership


Division 9 - Accreditation and Practise


26.   Academic Criteria

27.   Certificates of Accreditation

27A.   Certificates of Exemption

28.   Prohibition on Practising Modalities


Division 10 - Registers


29.   Register of Members

30.   Register of Clinics

31.   Register of Approved Training Centres

32.   Addresses of Members


Division 11 - Executive Management Committee


33.   Executive Officers

34.   Election of Executive Officers

35.   Resignation of Executive Officers

36.   Vacancies on the Management Committee

37.   Functions of the Management Committee


Division 12 - Meetings


38.   Meetings of the Management Committee

39.   Sub-Committees

40-41.   Acts validated

42-45.   Annual or General Meetings

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



46.   National Secretary to convene General Meetings

47.   Chairperson at General Meetings


Division 13 - By-Laws


48.   Internal Management


Division 14 - Alteration of Rules


49.   Special Resolution required


Division 15 - Common Seal


50.   Safe custody and use


Division 16 - Funds and Accounts


51.   Deposits


Division 17 - Miscellaneous Provisions


52.   Documents

53.   Financial Year

54.   Distribution of surplus assets


Division 18 - Legal Obligations


55.   Therapeutic Goods Act and Regulations (Cwth)

56.   Legal Obligations

57.   Additional Society Offices

58.   SNTR Inc. Internet Website

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED






NAME


1.   (1) The name of the Incorporated Association is the 'SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED' (in these Rules referred to as "the Society").


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)


Matters not provided for in rules provided for in model rules

47.

(1) If a matter is not provided for under an incorporated association’s own rules but the matter is provided for under a provision of the model rules (the “additional provision”), the association’s own rules are taken to include the additional provision.


(2) This section does not affect the ability of an incorporated association to amend its rules under this Act.


(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to an incorporated association as far as its own rules provide that the subsection does not apply to the association.]


1.   (2) For the purposes of these Rules, by reason of the statutory allowance expressed in subsection 47(3) of the Associations Incorporation Act 1981 (Qld), subsection 47(1) of that Act does not apply to the SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED.

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED




Division 1 - Objects of the Society


OBJECTS


2.   (1) The Executive Management Committee may act as it sees fit for the purposes of fulfilling the objects for which the Society is established.


2.   (2) The objects for which the Society is established include –


(a) to establish, support, raise, promote, organize, maintain and protect the character, status, interest, and reputation of all persons who are from time to time Members of the Society;


(b) to organize and promote the Accreditation of the Society's Members; to settle Rules, regulations, educational levels and patient refund procedures governing the practise of Natural Health Sciences as practised by the Members of the Society; and to decide all questions of professional ethics, usage and courtesy by or amongst Members;


(c) to create and maintain high standards of professional qualifications by providing courses of instruction, and where necessary advanced instruction, in all subjects included in the study of Natural Health Sciences, and by supplying training in the principles and practise of Natural Health Sciences through recognised training clinics duly selected for that purpose by the Society whether in Australia or Overseas;


(d) to provide for, or accept students or practitioners from, teaching establishments in respect of courses of instruction in relation to all modalities of Natural Health Sciences and to provide 'Graduate', 'Fellowship', 'Senior Fellowship' and 'Senior Research Fellowship' Awards, Degrees, Diplomas, Certificates and other academic awards accordingly;


(e) to produce publications on all aspects of Natural Health Sciences to its Members from time to time in whatever form decided by the Executive Management Committee;

 

(f) to provide a 'Certificate of Membership' to those persons (Student Members) who are enrolled in a course of study in Natural Health Sciences at any 'approved teaching establishment' or other teaching establishment accepted by the Society;


(g) to provide a 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation':


(A) to those persons (Associate Members) who hold primary qualifications in Natural Health Sciences and certain modalities of Natural Therapies; and


(B) to those persons (Graduate Members) whose qualifications or experience are accepted by the Executive Management Committee for Graduate Membership and 

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



accreditation;


(h) to provide a 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' and, where it may be properly awarded, a 'Certificate of Exemption', to those persons (Graduates or Fellows) whose qualifications and training are accepted by the Executive Management Committee for Membership to the Society;


(i) to provide a 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' and a 'Certificate of Exemption' to those persons (Senior Fellows) whose qualifications and training are accepted by the Executive Management Committee for Senior Fellowship of the Society;


(j) to provide a combined 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' and a 'Certificate of Exemption' to Senior Research Fellows of the Society whose qualifications and training are accepted by the Executive Management Committee for Senior Fellowship of the Society (whether in relation to qualifications relating to natural health, medical or other practitioners);


(k) to accredit bonafide Natural Health Practitioners -


(A) who are graduates of approved teaching establishments; or


(B) whose qualifications, experience or training are acceptable to the Executive Management Committee for the purposes of accreditation; and


(l) to seek acceptance by Health Funds or government departments or institutions (however described) for the purposes of health benefit refunds for patients of Accredited Practitioners who are declared by the Society to be fit to practise.



Division 2 - Definitions and Interpretations


DEFINITIONS


3.   (1) In these Rules, unless the contrary intention appears - "accreditation" means accreditation by the Society and the term


"accredited" shall be construed accordingly;


"Administrative Instrument" means an Instrument referred to in Rule 5 of these Rules;


"approved training centre" means an establishment referred to in Rule 31 of these Rules;


"Australian Charter" means the Australian Charter of Natural Health Practitioners adopted by The Australian Charter of Natural Health Practitioners Pty. Ltd;


"Certificate of Exemption" means a Certificate issued by the Society to an accredited 

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



Natural Therapist for the purposes of indicating that the holder of the Certificate is, in accordance with the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cwth), exempted from certain restrictions of the Act and any relevant Regulations made under that Act in respect of a particular modality or modalities;


"Code of Ethics" means the Code of Ethics referred to in the 'Australian Charter';


"Executive Management Committee" means the Committee referred to in Rule 33 of these Rules;


"Executive Officer" means a Member of the Executive Management Committee referred to in Rule 33 of these Rules;


"Fee" includes annual subscription;


"Member" means a Member of the Society and includes an un-financial Member;


"Modality" means a modality of practise in Natural Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine or Natural Therapies and includes an ingestive modality;


"Natural Health Sciences" includes Natural Medicine, Chinese Medicine and Natural Therapies and all modalities of Natural Medicine, Chinese Medicine and Natural Therapies;


"Natural Health Practitioner" means a Member who is qualified to practise in one or more of the accredited modalities of Natural Health Sciences and who is, in respect of such a modality, acceptable in character, qualification and ability for the purposes of accreditation by the Society as a Natural Health Practitioner; and


“New Zealand Charter” means the New Zealand Charter of Health Practitioners adopted by The New Zealand Charter of Health Practitioners Incorporated (New Zealand).


3.   (2) For the purposes of these Rules, an "approved teaching establishment" means any one or more of the Universities, Schools, Colleges, Institutes, Academies or training establishments whose curriculum and documents of academic achievement are acceptable for consideration by the Society for the purposes of accreditation of Natural Therapists (at any level) who are graduates of those establishments or who have satisfactorily completed studies at, or in respect of, such establishments.


Division 3 - Powers of the Society


POWERS


4. The powers of the Society are –


to take over the funds and other assets and the liabilities of the former unincorporated association known as the "The Society of Natural Therapists and 


       Researchers"

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED


(b) to subscribe to, become a Member of and co-operate with any other association, club or organisation, provided that the Association shall not support with its funds any club, association or organisation which does not prohibit the distribution of its income and property among its Members to an extent at least as great as that imposed on the 

Association under or by virtue of Rule 51(10);


(c) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to buy, sell and deal in all kinds of articles, commodities and provisions, both liquid and solid, for the Members of the Society or persons frequenting the Society's premises;


(d) to purchase, take on lease or in exchange, hire and otherwise acquire any lands, buildings, easements or property, real and personal, and any rights or privileges which may be requisite for the purposes of, or capable of being conveniently used in connection with, any of the objects of the Society: Provided that in case the Society shall take or hold any property which may be subject to any trusts the Society shall only deal with the same in such manner as is allowed by law having regard to such trusts;


(e) to enter into any arrangements with any Government or Authority that are incidental or conducive to the attainment of the objects and exercise of the powers of the Society; to obtain from any such Government or Authority any rights, privileges and concessions which the Society may think it desirable to obtain; and to carry out, exercise and comply with any such arrangements, rights, privileges and concessions;


(f) to appoint, employ, remove or suspend such managers, clerks, secretaries, servants, workmen and other persons as may be necessary or convenient for the purposes of the Society;


(g) to remunerate any person or body corporate for services rendered, or to be rendered, and whether by way of brokerage or otherwise in placing or assisting to place or guaranteeing the placing of any unsecured notes, debentures or other securities of the incorporated association, or in or about the incorporated association or promotion of the incorporated association or in the furtherance of its objects;


(h) to construct, improve, maintain, develop, work, manage, carry out, alter or control any houses, buildings, grounds, works or conveniences which may seems calculated directly or indirectly to advance the Society's interests, and to contribute to, subsidise or otherwise assist and take part in the construction, improvement, maintenance, development, working, management, carrying out, alteration or control thereof;


(i) to invest and deal with the money of the Society not immediately required in such manner as may from time to time be thought fit;


(j) to take, or otherwise acquire, and hold shares, debentures or other securities of any company or body corporate;


(k) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to lend and advance money or give credit to any person or body corporate; to guarantee and give guarantees or indemnities for the payment of money or the performance of contracts or obligations by any person or 

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED


body corporate, and otherwise to assist any person or body corporate;


(l) to borrow or raise money either alone or jointly with any other person or legal entity 

in such manner as may be thought proper and whether upon fluctuating advance account or overdraft or otherwise to represent or secure any moneys and further advances borrowed or to be borrowed alone or with others as aforesaid by notes secured or unsecured, debentures or debenture stock perpetual or otherwise, or by mortgage, charge, lien or other security upon the whole or any part of the Society's property or assets present or future and to purchase, redeem or pay-off any such securities;


(m) to draw, make, accept, endorse, discount, execute and issue promissory notes, bills of exchange, bills or lading and other negotiable or transferable instruments;


(n) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to sell, improve, manage, develop, exchange, lease, dispose of, turn to account or otherwise deal with all or any part of the property and rights of the Society;


(o) to take or hold mortgages, liens or charges, to secure payment of the purchase price, or any unpaid balance of the purchase price, of any part of the Society's property of whatsoever kind sold by the Society, or any money due to the Society from purchasers and others;


(p) to take any gift or property whether subject to any special trust or not, for any one or more of the objects of the Society but subject always to the proviso in sub-Rule (4);


(q) to take such steps by personal or written appeals, public meetings or otherwise, as may from time to time be deemed expedient for the purpose of procuring contributions to the funds of the Society, in the shape of donations, annual subscriptions or otherwise;


(r) to print and publish any newspapers, periodicals, books or leaflets that the Society may think desirable for the promotion of its objects;


(s) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to amalgamate with any one or more incorporated associations having objects altogether or in part similar to those of the Society and which shall prohibit the distribution of its or their income and property among its or their Members to an extent at least as great as that imposed upon the Society under or by virtue of rule 51(10);


(t) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to purchase or otherwise acquire and undertake all or any part of the property, assets, liabilities and engagements of any one or more of the incorporated associations with which the Society is authorised to amalgamate; and


(u) in furtherance of the objects of the Society to transfer all or any part of the property, assets, liabilities and engagements of the Society to any one or more of the incorporated associations with which the Society is authorised to amalgamate.


SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981

General powers


25.   (1) An incorporated association has, in the exercise of its affairs, all the powers of an individual.

25.(2) An incorporated association may, for example—

     (a) enter into contracts; and

     (b) acquire, hold, deal with and dispose of property; and

     (c) make charges for services and facilities it supplies; and

     (d) do other things necessary or convenient to be done in carrying out its

                affairs.

25.(3) An incorporated association may also issue secured and unsecured notes, debentures and debenture stock for the association.]


ADMINISTRATIVE INSTRUMENTS


5. Subject to these Rules, the Executive Management Committee may issue and publish Administrative Instruments in respect of any administrative matter that it finds necessary or convenient to bring to the notice of Members.


POWERS, DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES


6.(1) Where a Rule or By-law confers a power upon, imposes a duty on, or grants a discretion to, a Member or the holder of a position or Office, then, unless the contrary intention appears, the power or discretion may be exercised, and the duty shall be performed, from time to time, by the Member or holder of the position or Office as the occasion requires.


6.(2) The powers, duties or discretions so conferred, imposed or granted shall apply equally to a Member who is, for the time being, acting in the capacity of, or performing the functions and duties of, the holder of a position or Office.


POWER OF APPOINTMENT


7. Subject to these Rules, where a Rule or By-law confers upon any Member the power to appoint a Member or person to any Office or position without election (other than an appointment under Rule 36), then, unless the contrary intention appears, the power shall, subject to any conditions or recommendations required to be taken into consideration, be construed as including a power to revoke the appointment and to appoint another Member or person, as the case allows, instead.


PATRONS


8.(1) A Patron or Patrons of the Society may be appointed by the Executive Management Committee for a fixed term not exceeding 3 years.


8.(2) Upon appointment, a Patron shall be made an Honorary Member of the Society.


SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



8.(3) At the discretion of the Committee, a Patron may be appointed further at the expiration of his or her term of Office.


Division 4 - Classification of Membership and Accreditation


CERTIFICATES


9.(1) Subject to this Rule, 'Certificates of Membership' or combined 'Certificates of Membership and Accreditation' to the Society may be issued in respect of each level of Membership.


9.(2) Where appropriate, a Member shall be issued with a combined 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' only in respect of the highest level that may be properly awarded to the Member in a particular case.


9.(3) A 'Certificate of Membership' and a combined 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' issued to a Member shall expire on the last day of February in each year, but may be renewed by the Executive Management Committee at the appropriate level as determined by the Committee upon payment of the relevant fees for the year next following.


9.(4) A Certificate of Exemption issued to a Member shall expire on the last day of February in each year but may be renewed or extended, as the case requires, by the Executive Management Committee –


(a) in respect of fees received by the Committee - on payment of fees for the year next following; or


(b) in the case of a Member who applies, or in respect of whom an application is made, for a delay in payment of such fees - for such period permitted by the Executive Management Committee until such payment of fees is received.


LEVELS OF MEMBERSHIP


10. The Membership of the Society shall consist of any of the following levels of Members: 


SUPPORT MEMBERSHIP: (without accreditation)


Support Member – not accredited


PROVISIONAL MEMBERSHIP: (without Professional Qualifications)


Student Member - not accredited


ORDINARY FULL MEMBERSHIP: (Professional Qualifications without a Certificate of Exemption)


Associate Member - primary professional accreditation

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP: 

(Professional Qualifications -Certificate of Exemption may be issued)


Graduate Member - professional accreditation


PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP: 

(Professional Qualifications - Certificate of Exemption may be issued)


Ordinary Fellow - professional accreditation


SENIOR PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP: 

(Professional Qualifications with a Certificate of Exemption)


Senior Fellow - senior professional accreditation


SENIOR PROFESSIONAL RESEARCH MEMBERSHIP: 

(Professional Qualifications with a Certificate of Exemption)


Senior Research Fellow - professional research accreditation


HONORARY RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP


Honorary Research Fellow - not accredited.



Division 5 - Membership Fees and Annual Subscriptions


JOINING FEES AND ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS


11.(1) Subject to this Rule, the amount of the joining fee, annual subscription or any other Society fees –


(a) in respect of each level of Membership and each level of Membership

and Accreditation;


(b) in respect of an approved teaching establishment; or


(c) in respect of a Certificate of Exemption, as the case may be, or any other relevant fee relating to the issue of any documents, may be determined in the first instance by the Executive Management Committee, but may be set thereafter by the vote of the Members present at any General Meeting.


11.(2) The annual subscription and any other Society fees shall be payable at such time and in such manner as the Executive Management Committee shall from time to time determine.




SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



Division 6 - Admission and Rejection of Members


CONSIDERATION OF APPLICANTS


12.(1) At, or prior to, the next meeting of the Executive Management Committee, after the receipt of any application and the fees applicable for any class of Membership, such application shall be considered by the Executive Management Committee.


12. (2) Notwithstanding that a person holds qualifications or has experience sufficient for accreditation, after receipt of the application of the person for Membership, the Executive Management Committee, after taking into account the character and reputation of the applicant, shall thereupon determine upon the admission or rejection of that applicant.


12.(3) Any applicant who receives a majority of the votes of the Members of the Executive Management Committee prior to, or at, the meeting at which such application is being considered and who holds the relevant qualifications (if applicable) shall be accepted as a Member to the level of Membership applied for, or such other level as determined by the Committee.


12.(4) Upon the acceptance or rejection of an application for any class of Membership, the National Secretary or the President, as the case requires, shall give the applicant notice in writing of such acceptance or rejection.



[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)


Rights of members


71.(1) Upon incorporation the rules of the association shall constitute the terms of a contract between the members from time to time and the incorporated association.


72.(2) Where a member of an incorporated association is deprived by a decision of that association of a right conferred on the member by the rules of that association as a member thereof, the Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction to adjudicate upon the validity of that decision under the rules.


72.(3) An incorporated association shall be bound by the rules of natural justice in adjudicating upon the rights of its members conferred by the rules of such association on its members.


HONORARY MEMBERS


13. Where, in the opinion of the Executive Management Committee, a Member has made some outstanding contribution to the Society and has been so unanimously recommended by the Executive Management Committee, the Member may be granted (without payment of fees) as each case may allow –



SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



status as an Honorary Member of the Society (other than an Honorary Research Fellow); or



(b) life membership; or


(c) life membership and accreditation, as each case may properly allow.


NOMINATIONS NOT REQUIRED


14. Subject to these Rules, the Executive Management Committee may admit a person to a class of Membership or Membership and Accreditation upon the application of that person without the nomination of another.


NUMBER OF MEMBERS UNLIMITED


15. The number of Members allowable for each of the levels of Membership of the Society shall be unlimited.


NUMBER OF 'CHARTERED PRACTITIONERS' UNLIMITED


16. Membership of the Society does not prevent a Member being a Chartered Practitioner under either, or both, the Australian Charter or the New Zealand Charter.


Division 7 - Levels of Membership


STUDENT MEMBERSHIP


17.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Provisional Membership of the Society as a 'Student Member' if the person is enrolled in a course of study in Natural Health Sciences at an 'approved teaching establishment' or other establishment approved by the Society.


17.(2) A person may not be admitted to Student Membership if, in the opinion of the Executive Management Committee –


(a) the person is not actively engaged in studies at an approved teaching establishment; or


the person should be admitted to another level.



17. (3) A Student Member who is no longer so actively engaged in studies at an approved teaching establishment and who is not entitled to a higher level of Membership may be transferred down by the Executive Management Committee from Student Membership to Supporter Membership pending resumption of studies by that Member.


ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP


18. Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Ordinary Full Membership of the 

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



Society as an 'Associate Member' if the person is a Natural Health Practitioner acceptable to the Society for the purposes of primary accreditation as an Associate Member with respect to a modality of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is practising or intending to practise.


GRADUATE MEMBERSHIP


19.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Professional Membership of the Society as a 'Graduate Member' if the person is a Natural Health Practitioner –


(a) who has completed to the satisfaction of the Executive Management Committee an acceptable course of study in:


(i) the subjects of Anatomy and Physiology; and


(ii) at least three other subjects which are acceptable to the Society for the purposes of primary accreditation with respect to the modalities of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is qualified; or


(b) whose qualifications and depth of experience are acceptable to the Society for the purposes of professional accreditation as a Graduate Member with respect to those modalities of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is practising or intending to practise.


19.(2) The required standard for any subjects which are acceptable to the Society in a particular case shall be as determined by the Executive Management Committee.


FELLOWSHIP


20.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Professional Membership of the Society as a 'Fellow' if the person is a Natural Health Practitioner –


(a) who, after completion of an acceptable course of advanced studies at Associate Diploma level or its equivalent, is qualified and trained to the satisfaction of the Executive Management Committee; or


(b) whose qualifications and training are acceptable to the Society for the purposes of professional accreditation as a Fellow with respect to those modalities of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is practising or intending to practise; or


(c) as a Chartered Natural Health Practitioner in –


(i) the Natural Therapies Profession;


(ii) the Indigenous Natural Healing Profession; or


(iii) the Traditional Maori Medicine Profession, of the Australian Charter or the New Zealand Charter in a capacity equivalent to that of a Fellow in the Society.

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



20.(2) Qualifications and training which are acceptable to the Society in a particular case shall be as determined by the Executive Management Committee.


SENIOR FELLOWSHIP


21.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Senior Professional Membership of the Society as a 'Senior Fellow' if the person is a Natural Health Practitioner –


(a) who, after completion of an acceptable course of advanced studies at full Diploma level or its equivalent, or higher, is qualified and trained to the satisfaction of the Executive Management Committee in the modalities of Naturopathy, Homoeopathy, Nutrition, Herbal Medicine, Osteopathy, Chiropractics, Acupuncture or Traditional Chinese Medicine; or


(b) whose qualifications and training are acceptable to the Society for the purposes of professional accreditation as a Senior Fellow with respect to those modalities of Natural Health Sciences in which the Member is practising or intending to practise; or


(c) as a Chartered Natural Health Practitioner in –


(i) the Natural Medicine Profession;


(ii) the Indigenous Natural Healing Profession;


(iii) the Traditional Maori Medicine Profession; or


(iv) the Chinese Medicine Profession, of the Australian Charter or the New Zealand Charter in a capacity equivalent to that of a Senior Fellow or Senior Research Fellow in the Society.


21.(2) Qualifications and training which are acceptable to the Society in a particular case shall be as determined by the Executive Management Committee.


HONORARY RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP


22.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to 'Honorary Research Fellowship' of the Society if the person holds any Masters Degree or Doctorate issued from a recognised University, Academy, School or Institute although not necessarily being in subjects of Natural Health Sciences.


22.(2) A person who is admitted to 'Honorary Research Fellow' shall be so admitted without accreditation as a Natural Health Practitioner.


SENIOR RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP


23.(1) Subject to these Rules, a person may be admitted to Senior Professional Research Membership of the Society as a 'Senior Research Fellow' if the person:

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(a) is a Natural Health Practitioner or other health professional who holds a Diploma or Degree (or its deemed equivalent in each case), or has qualifications and training which are acceptable to the Executive Management Committee for the purposes of Professional Research accreditation as a 'Senior Research Fellow' of the Society; and


(b) in the case of a Natural Health Practitioner - has been in full clinical practise for a minimum of 5 years –


(i) as a Member of the Society at the level of Senior Fellow or higher, or at an equivalent level if the person has not been a Member of the Society but has been a Member of another Association or a Society of Natural Health Practitioners; or


(ii) as a Chartered Natural Health Practitioner in the Australian Charter or the New Zealand Charter in a capacity equivalent to that of a Senior Fellow or Senior Research Fellow in the Society.


23.(2) A person who is admitted to Senior Research Fellowship may be so admitted with full senior professional research accreditation as a Natural Health Practitioner under the auspices of the 'Australasian Collegiate of Natural Health Practitioners and Research'.



Division 8 - Termination of Membership


TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP


24.(1) A Member may resign from the Society at any time by giving notice in writing to the National Secretary.


24.(2) The resignation shall take effect at the time such notice is received by the National Secretary unless a later date is specified in the notice when it shall take effect on the later date (provided that the date is not later than the date whereby membership in respect of a particular year has concluded).


24(3) If a Member –


(a) is convicted of an indictable offence;


(b) is an undischarged bankrupt;


(c) fails to comply with any of the provisions of these Rules or the Bylaws which are applicable to the Member;


(d) fails to comply with any law that is applicable to the Member whether as a member of the Society or as a Natural Health Practitioner;


(e) is an un-financial Member with Membership fees in arrears for a period of two months or more; or

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(f) conducts himself or herself, as the case may be, in a manner considered by the Executive Management Committee to be injurious or prejudicial to the character or interests of the Society or in a manner which could bring the Society into disrepute, the Executive Management Committee shall consider whether his or her Membership shall be terminated.


24.(4) Members concerned shall be given a full and fair opportunity of presenting their case, and if the Executive Management Committee resolves to terminate their Membership, it shall instruct the National Secretary to advise the relevant Member in writing accordingly.


24.(5) Prior to the determination of the Executive Management Committee referred to in sub-rule (4), the Committee may 'suspend' the Membership of the Member pending the outcome of the relevant case, and may likewise suspend the Accreditation of the Member and any Certificate of Exemption issued to that Member.


24.(6) Where the Membership of a Member is terminated or for any other reason a person ceases to be a Member, any Certificate of Membership, Certificate of Accreditation and Certificate of Exemption that may have been issued by the Society to the Member or person shall become void immediately for all purposes for which it was issued.


MEMBERSHIP LAPSED


24A.(1) Where, in respect of a year of Membership, a Member is an un-financial Member with Membership fees in arrears for a period of 3 months or more, the Membership of the Member shall be deemed to have automatically lapsed, requiring the Member to rejoin the Society.


24A.(2) Where those fees are in arrears continuously for a period of 4 months, the Executive Management Committee may declare that the Membership of that Member shall be terminated without notification to the Member if the Committee has not heard from the Member since those fees first became due.


24A.(3) Where, in respect of a member referred to in this particular Rule, the member wishes to rejoin the Society without loss of service accounted for the period or periods during which the member’s membership was un-financial, the member may be reinstated without such loss of service in respect of that year or those years, as the member may require, upon receipt of the fees for the year or years, as the case may be, during which that period or those periods occurred together with the relevant joining fee applicable for the level of membership applied for and the fee for the year of membership so applied for.


APPEAL AGAINST REJECTION OR TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP


25.(1) A person whose application for Membership has been rejected or whose Membership has been suspended or terminated, as the case may be, may, within one month of receiving written notification thereof, lodge with the National Secretary or the President written notice of an intention to appeal against the decision of the Executive Management Committee. 

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(2) Upon receipt of a notification of intention to appeal against rejection, suspension or termination of Membership, the National Secretary shall convene, within three months of the date of receipt by the Secretary of such notice, a general meeting to determine the appeal. 


(3) At any such meeting, the applicant shall be given the opportunity of fully present his or her case and the Executive Management Committee or those Members thereof who rejected the application for Membership or who suspended or terminated the Membership subsequently shall likewise have the opportunity of presenting its or their case.


25.(4) The appeal shall be determined by the vote of the Members at such meeting but shall not include a member of the Executive Management Committee in the determination of the result of that meeting.


25.(5) Where a person whose application is rejected does not appeal against the decision of the Executive Management Committee within the time prescribed by these Rules, or so appeals but the appeal is unsuccessful, the National Secretary shall forthwith refund the remainder of the amount of any fee paid in respect of the relevant year of membership less a reasonable sum for administrative costs.


Division 9 - Accreditation and Practise


ACADEMIC CRITERIA


26. The academic criteria for all purposes of the Society which relate to the issue of documents to, or presentation by, persons or Members that show their academic and meritocratic achievements for the purposes of membership or accreditation –


(a) in all cases where such documents are issued by an approved teaching establishment; and


(b) in all cases where such documents are presented by a person or a Member for approval by the Society for the purpose of determining –


(i) the level of Membership to be issued to the person or Member; or


(ii) the standard or levels with which the person or Member may be accredited, shall be as determined by the Executive Management Committee.


CERTIFICATES OF ACCREDITATION


27.(1) Subject to this Rule, a 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' may be issued to a Member in respect of the modality or modalities, as the case may be, in which the Member is deemed competent to practise.


27.(2) A Certificate shall not be issued to a Member unless the Member –


holds the relevant documents referred to in Rule 26; or


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(b) is deemed by the Executive Management Committee as competent to practise in the modalities in respect of which an application is made by that Member; and


(c) is otherwise regarded by the Committee as a fit and proper person to practise as a Natural Health Practitioner.


27.(3) A Certificate shall not be issued to a Member until all relevant fees have been paid in respect of a particular year or years.


27.(4) A Certificate shall expire on the last day of February in each year but may be renewed by the Executive Management Committee upon payment of the relevant fees for year next following.


27.(5) For the purposes of renewal of membership for a particular year, the Executive Management Committee may call for renewal of subscriptions at any time prior to the conclusion of a year of membership.


CERTIFICATES OF EXEMPTION


27A.(1) Subject to this Rule, a 'Certificate of Exemption' may be issued to a Graduate, Fellow, Senior Fellow or Senior Research Fellow, as the case may require, in respect of an ingestive modality or the ingestive modalities in which the Member is deemed qualified to practise.


27.(2) A 'Certificate of Exemption' shall not be issued to a Member unless the Member –


(a) has the qualifications and training referred to in sub regulation 4(2A) of the Therapeutic Goods Regulations (Cwth);


(b) holds a current 'Certificate of Membership and Accreditation' at the level of Graduate, Fellow, Senior Fellow or Senior Research Fellow, as the case may be; and


(c) is a financial Member of the Society with all relevant fees fully paid in respect of the year in which the Certificate of Exemption is to be issued.


27.(3) For the purposes of this Rule, a Member shall not use a 'Certificate of Exemption' in order to acquire any therapeutic goods relating to a modality of practise other than that modality in respect of which the Certificate is issued.


PROHIBITION ON PRACTISING MODALITIES


28.(1) A Member shall not, under the purported authority of these Rules –


(a) practise a modality of the Natural Health Professions; or


(b) dispense natural medication to, or otherwise treat, a person, unless the Member is an Accredited Natural Health Practitioner holding a Certificate of Accreditation referred to in Rule 27.

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28.(2) For the purposes of this Rule, a Member shall refrain from practising as an Accredited Natural Health Practitioner in any ingestive modalities in respect of any relevant exemption which applies under the Therapeutic Goods Act or the Therapeutic Goods Regulations other than those in respect of which a current 'Certificate of Exemption' has been issued to the Member or, if no such Certificate has been issued, other than those in respect of which the member is qualified.


Division 10 - Registers


REGISTER OF MEMBERS


29.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall cause a Register to be kept in which shall be entered the names and addresses (either residential or postal) of all persons admitted to Membership of the Society.


29.(2) Particulars shall also be entered into the Register of deaths, resignations, terminations and reinstatements of Membership and any further particulars as the Management Committee or the Members at any general meeting may require from time to time.


REGISTER OF CLINICS


30.(1) As soon as practicable after the commencement of these Rules, the Executive Committee of Management may, with the authority of each relevant Member concerned, cause to be published a Register of Clinics of Members accredited by the Society specifying the modalities of treatment offered at those clinics.


30.(2) For the purposes of compiling the Register, a Member who operates a clinic shall, upon the request of the Executive Management Committee, supply the relevant information to the National Secretary in respect of the clinic.


30.(3) In this Rule, a reference to a clinic shall be construed as a reference to the place of work or business of a Member who is treating the public by means of Natural Therapies.


REGISTER OF APPROVED TRAINING CENTRES


31.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall cause a Register to be kept in which shall be entered the particulars of all 'Approved Training Centres'.


31.(2) For the purposes of compiling the Register, a Member who operates an Approved Training Centre shall, upon the request of the National Secretary (acting on behalf of the Executive Management Committee) for information relating to the Centre or the persons employed thereat, supply the relevant information to the National Secretary in respect of that Centre.


31.(3) An 'Approved Training Centre' shall be operated by an Accredited Natural Health Practitioner holding at least the level of Fellow of the Society.


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31.(4) In this Rule, a reference to an 'Approved Training Centre' shall be construed as a reference to an approved teaching establishment, a clinic or any other appropriate place which has been approved by the Executive Management Committee for the purposes of providing Members with an opportunity to complete the required number of hours of supervised clinical practise in respect of a modality of Natural Health Sciences.


ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS


32. A Member shall advise the National Secretary of any change of residential address or postal address or the address of any clinic, teaching establishment or training centre operated by the Member.


Division 11 - Executive Management Committee


EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


33.(1) The Executive Management Committee of the Society shall consist of a President, Vice President, National Secretary, and Treasurer all of whom (with the exception of the National Secretary) –


(a) shall be Members of the Society of or above the level of Fellow;


(b) subject to Rule 35, shall hold Office for a period of 3 years; and

(c) may be re-elected.


33.(2) At each fourth Annual General Meeting thereafter, all the Members of the Executive Management Committee for the time being shall retire from office, but shall be eligible upon nomination for re-election.


33.(3) At the commencement of these Rules, as amended, the existing Officers of the Executive Management Committee referred to in sub-rule (1) of this Rule who were holding Office prior to the Special Resolution giving effect to these Rules in the year2000 shall retain Office until the appropriate elections are held for the purposes of sub-rule (2) of this Rule.


ELECTION OF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


34. The election of Officers (and, where required by the general membership of the Society, other Members of the Executive Management Committee) shall take place in the following manner –


(a) any two Members of the Society shall be at liberty to nominate any other Member to serve as an officer or other Member of the Executive Management Committee;


(b) the nomination, which shall be in writing and signed by the Member and the Member's proposer and seconder, shall be lodged with the National Secretary at least fourteen days before the annual general meeting at which the election is to take place;

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(c) a list of the candidates' names in alphabetical order, with the proposers' and seconders' names, shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the office or usual place of meeting of the Society for at least seven days immediately preceding the Annual General Meeting;


(d) balloting lists (if necessary) shall be prepared containing the names of the candidates in alphabetical order, and each Member present at the Annual General Meeting shall be entitled to vote for any number of such candidates not exceeding the number of vacancies; and


(e) if, at the commencement of such meeting, there is an insufficient number of candidates nominated, nominations may be taken from the floor of the meeting.


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)

Eligibility for election to a management committee


61A.(1) A person is not eligible to be elected as a member of an

incorporated association’s management committee if—


(a) the person has been convicted—

(i) on indictment; or

(ii) summarily and sentenced to imprisonment, other than in default of payment of a fine; and


(b) the rehabilitation period in relation to the conviction has not

expired.


61A.(1A) Also, a person is not eligible to be elected as a member of an

incorporated association’s management committee if—


(a) under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cwth) or the law of an external territory or another country, the person is an undischarged bankrupt; or


(b) the person has executed a deed of arrangement under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cwth), part X or a corresponding law of an external territory or another country and the terms of the deed have not been fully complied with; or


(c) the person’s creditors have accepted a composition under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cwth), part X or a corresponding law of an external territory or another country and a final payment has not been made under the composition.


61A.(2) In this section—

“rehabilitation period” has the meaning given in the Criminal Law (Rehabilitation of Offenders) Act 1986. 


Election of management committee


62.(1) The members of the management committee shall be elected at the annual 

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general meeting or any general meeting of the incorporated association in accordance with its rules.


62.(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) the rules of an incorporated association may permit the management committee to fill a casual vacancy on the management committee.]


RESIGNATION OF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


35.(1) Any Member of the Executive Management Committee may resign from Membership of the Executive Management Committee at any time by giving notice in writing to the National Secretary, but such resignation shall take effect at the time such notice is received by the National Secretary unless a later date is specified in the notice when it shall take effect on that later date.


35.(2) Any Member of the Executive Management Committee may be removed from office at a General Meeting of the Society, but that Member shall be given the opportunity to fully present his or her case. The question of removal shall be determined by the vote of the Members present at such a General Meeting.


VACANCIES ON THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


36.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall have power at any time to appoint any Member of the Society to fill any casual vacancy on the Executive Management Committee until the next Annual General Meeting.


36.(2) The continuing Members of the Executive Management Committee may act notwithstanding any casual vacancy in the Executive Management Committee, but if and so long as their number is reduced below the number fixed by or pursuant to these Rules as the necessary quorum of the Executive Management Committee, the continuing Member or Members may act for the purpose of increasing the number of Members of the Executive Management Committee to that number or of summoning a general meeting of the Society, but for no other purpose.


FUNCTIONS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


37.(1) Except as otherwise provided by these Rules and subject to resolutions of the Members of the Society carried at any General Meeting, the Executive Management Committee –


(a) shall have the general control and management of the administration of the affairs, property and funds of the Society; and


(b) shall have authority to interpret the meaning of these Rules and any matter relating to the Society on which these Rules are silent, ambiguous or unclear.


37.(2) The Executive Management Committee may at any time exercise all the power of the Society –

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(a) to borrow or raise or secure the payment of money in such manner as the Members of the Society may think fit and secure the same or the payment or performance of any debt, liability, contract, guarantee or other engagement incurred or to be entered into by the Society in any way and in particular by the issue of debentures, perpetual or otherwise, charged upon all or any of the Society's property, both present and future, and to purchase, redeem or pay off any such securities;


(b) to borrow money from Members at a rate of interest not exceeding interest at the rate for the time being charged by bankers in Brisbane for overdrawn accounts on money lent, whether the term of the loan be short or long, and to mortgage or charge its property or any part thereof and to issue debentures and other securities, whether outright or as security for any debt, liability or obligation of the Society, and to provide and pay off any such securities; and (c) to invest in such manner as the Members of the Society may from time to time determine.


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)

Management Committee


60.(1) Subject to this Act, the business and operations of an incorporated association shall be controlled by a management committee.


60.(2) Every member of the management committee and any manager duly appointed by the management committee acting in the business or operations of the incorporated association shall be deemed to be the agent of the incorporated association for all purposes within its objects.


60.(3) The acts of a member of the management committee shall be valid notwithstanding any defect that may afterwards be discovered in the member’s appointment or qualifications. Membership of management committee


61.(1) An incorporated association must have a management committee.


61.(2) All members of the management committee must be adults.


61.(3) The management committee must have at least 3 members of whom—


(a) 1 holds the office of president; and


(b) another holds the office of treasurer.]



Division 12 - Meetings


MEETINGS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


38.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall hold a meeting at least once every 4 calendar months to exercise its functions.


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38.(2) A special meeting of the Executive Management Committee shall be convened by the National Secretary on the requisition in writing signed by not less than one-third of the Members of the Executive Management Committee, which requisition shall clearly state the reasons why such special meeting is being convened and the nature of the business to be transacted thereat.


38.(3) At every meeting of the Executive Management Committee a simple majority of a number equal to the number of Members elected or appointed to the Executive Management Committee as at the close of the last general meeting of the Members, shall constitute a quorum.


38.(4) Subject as previously provided in this rule, the Executive Management Committee may hold meetings and regulate its proceedings as it thinks fit: Provided that questions arising at any meeting of the Executive Management Committee shall be decided by a majority of votes and, in the case of equality of votes, the question shall be deemed to be decided in the negative.


38.(5) A Member of the Executive Management Committee shall not vote in respect of any contract or proposed contract with the Society in which the Member is interested, or any matter arising thereout, and if that Member does so vote, the vote shall not be counted.


38.(6) Not less than fourteen days notice shall be given by the National Secretary to Members of the Executive Management Committee of any special meeting of the Executive Management Committee. Such notice shall clearly state the nature of the business to be discussed thereat.


38.(7) The President shall preside as Chair manager at every meeting of the Executive Management Committee, or if there is no President, or if at any meeting the President is not present within ten minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the Vice-President shall be Chair manager or if the Vice-President is not present at the meeting then the Members may choose one of their number to be Chair manager of the meeting. Stupit clause


38 (8) If within half an hour from the time appointed for the commencement of an Executive Management Committee meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened upon the requisition of Members of the Executive Management Committee, shall lapse. In any other case it shall stand adjourned to the same day in the next week at the same time and place, or to such other day and at such other time and place as the Executive Management Committee may determine, and if at the adjourned meeting a quorum is not present within half an hour from the time appointed for the meeting, the meeting shall lapse.


38.(9) If after a lapsed meeting referred to in sub-rule (8) of this Rule a further meeting is to be held and a quorum is unable to be maintained at that meeting, the meeting may proceed without a quorum. 3rd time


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981 (QLD)

Meetings of management committee


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63.(1) Meetings of the management committee shall be held as often as may be necessary for properly conducting the business and operations of the incorporated association, but shall be held at least once in every 4 calendar months and a quorum for a meeting shall be prescribed by the rules.


63.(2) The management committee may hold meetings, or allow members to take part in its meetings, by telephone, video link or another form of communication.


SUB-COMMITTEES


39.(1) The Executive Management Committee may delegate any of its powers to a sub-committee consisting of such Members of the Society as the Executive Management Committee thinks fit.


39.(2) Any sub-committee so formed shall in the exercise of the powers so delegated conform to any regulations (including the taking of minutes to be signed by the chair manager upon their completion, and their immediate conveyance to the National Secretary) that may be imposed on it by the Executive Management Committee.


39.(3) A sub-committee may elect a Chair manager of its meetings and if no such Chair manager is elected, or if at any meeting the Chair manager is not present within ten minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the Members present may choose one of their number to be Chair manager of the meeting.


39.(4) A sub-committee may meet and adjourn as it thinks proper.


39.(5) Questions arising at any meeting shall be determined by a majority of votes of the Members present and, in the case of an equality of votes, the question shall be deemed to be decided in the negative.


ACTS VALIDATED


40. All acts done at any meeting of the Executive Management Committee or of a sub-committee or by any person acting as a Member of the Executive Management Committee shall, notwithstanding that it is afterwards discovered that there was some defect in the appointment of any such Member of the Executive Management Committee or person acting as aforesaid, or that the Members of the Executive Management Committee or any of them were disqualified, be as valid as if every such person had been duly appointed and was qualified to be a Member of the Executive Management Committee.


41. A resolution in writing signed by all the Members of the Executive Management Committee for the time being entitled to receive notice of a meeting of the Executive Management Committee shall be as valid and effectual as if it had been passed at a meeting of the Executive Management Committee duly convened and held. Any such resolution may consist of several documents in like form, each signed by one or more Members of the Executive Management Committee.



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ANNUAL OR GENERAL MEETINGS


42. The first General Meeting shall be held at such time, not being less than one month nor more than three months after the incorporation of the Society, and at such place as the Executive Management Committee may determine.


43.(1) The Annual General Meeting shall be held within three months of the close of the financial year. September


43.(2) Business to be transacted at every Annual General Meeting shall be –


(a) receiving the Executive Management Committee's report and the statement of income and expenditure, assets and liabilities and mortgages, charges and securities affecting the property of the Society for the preceding financial year;


(b) receiving of the auditor's report upon the books and accounts for the preceding financial year;


(c) election of Members of the Executive Management Committee; and


(d) appointment of an auditor.


44. The National Secretary shall convene a Special General Meeting –


(a) when directed to do so by the Executive Management Committee; or


(b) on the requisition in writing signed by not less than one-third of the Members presently on the Executive Management Committee or not less than the number of ordinary Members of the Society which equals double the number of Members presently on the Executive Management Committee plus one. Such requisition shall clearly state the reasons why such special general meeting is being convened and the nature of the business to be transacted thereat; or


(c) on being given a notice in writing of an intention to appeal against the decision of the Executive Management Committee to reject an application for Membership or to terminate the Membership of any person.


45.(1) At any General Meeting the number of Members required to constitute a quorum shall be double the number of Members presently on the Executive Management Committee plus one.


45.(2) No business shall be transacted at any General Meeting unless a quorum of Members is present at the time when the meeting proceeds to 

business.

45.(3) For the purposes of this Rule, "Member" includes a person attending as a proxy or as representing a corporation that is a Member.


45.(4) If within half an hour after the time appointed for the commencement of a General 

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Meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened upon the requisition of Members of the Executive Management Committee or the Society, shall lapse.


45.(5) In any other case the meeting shall stand adjourned to the same day in the next week at the same time and place, or to such other day and at such other time and place as the Executive Management Committee may determine.


45.(6) If at the adjourned meeting a quorum is not present within half an hour from the time appointed for the meeting, the Members present shall be a quorum.


45.(7) The Chair manager may, with the consent of any meeting at which a quorum is present (and shall if so directed by the meeting), adjourn the meeting from time to time and from place to place, but no business shall be transacted at any adjourned meeting other than the business left unfinished at the meeting from which the adjournment took place.


45.(8) When a meeting is adjourned for thirty days or more, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given as in the case of an original meeting.


45.(9) Save as aforesaid it shall not be necessary to give any notice of an adjournment or of the business to be transacted at an adjourned meeting.


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981

Subsequent annual general meetings


56. An incorporated association must hold subsequent annual general meetings—

(a) at least once each year; and

(b) within 6 months after the end of the association’s previous financial year.] discrepancy 43.1 (in 3 months,) 


NATIONAL SECRETARY TO CONVENE GENERAL MEETINGS


46.(1) The National Secretary shall convene all General Meetings of the Society by giving not less than 14 days notice of any such meeting to the Members of the Society.


46.(2) The Executive Management Committee shall determine the manner by which such notice shall be given.


Provided that notice of any meeting convened for the purpose of hearing and determining the appeal of a Member against the rejection or termination of Membership by the Executive Management Committee, shall be given in writing.


46.(3) Notice of a General Meeting shall clearly state the nature of the business to be discussed thereat.


CHAIR MANAGER AT GENERAL MEETINGS


47.(1) Unless otherwise provided by the Rules of the Society, at every General Meeting –


the President shall preside as Chair manager, or if there is no President, or if the 


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President is not present within fifteen minutes after the time appointed for the holding of the meeting or is unwilling to act, the Vice-President shall be the Chair manager or if the Vice- President is not present or is unwilling to act then the Members present shall elect one of their number to be Chair manager of the meeting;



(b) the Chair manager shall maintain order and conduct the meeting in a proper and orderly manner;


(c) every question, matter or resolution shall be decided by a majority of votes of the Members present;


(d) every Member present shall be entitled to one vote and in the case of an equality of votes the Chair manager shall have a second or casting vote.


Provided that no Member shall be entitled to vote at any General Meeting if the Member's annual subscription is more than one month in arrears at the date of the meeting;


(e) voting shall be by show of hands or a division of Members, unless not less than one-fifth of the Members present demand a ballot - in which event there shall be a secret ballot - and the Chair manager shall appoint two Members to conduct the secret ballot in such manner as the Chair manager shall determine and the result of the ballot as declared by the Chair manager shall be deemed to be the resolution of the meeting at which the ballot was demanded;


(f) a Member may vote in person or by proxy or by attorney and in a show of hands every person present who is a Member or a representative of a Member shall have one vote and in a secret ballot every Member present in person or by proxy or by attorney or other duly authorised representative shall have one vote;


(g) the instrument appointing a proxy shall be in writing, in the common or usual form under the hand of the appointor or of the appointor's attorney duly authorised in writing and


(i) a proxy shall be a financial Member of the Society;


(ii) the instrument appointing a proxy shall be deemed to confer authority to demand or join in demanding a secret ballot;


(h) where it is desired to afford Members an opportunity of voting for or against a resolution the instrument appointing a proxy shall be in the following form or a form as near thereto as circumstances permit -






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ASSOCIATION


I, ......... of ……….being a Member of the above named Society, hereby appoint ............... of .............. or failing that person, .................. of ................ as my proxy to vote for me on my behalf at the (Annual) General Meeting at the Society, to be held on the .... day of ....... 200?., and at any adjournment thereof.


Signed ............................


Dated this ................... day of .................... 200?


This form is to be used:   (*) in favour of the resolution.

               (*) against.


(*) strike out whichever is not desired. (Unless otherwise instructed, the proxy may vote as he or she thinks fit.).


(2) The instrument appointing a proxy shall be deposited with the National Secretary prior to the commencement of any meeting or adjourned meeting at which the person named in the instrument proposes to vote.


(3) The National Secretary shall cause full and accurate minutes of all questions, matters, resolutions and other proceedings of every Executive Management Committee meeting and general meeting to be entered in a book to be open for inspection at all reasonable times by any financial Member who previously applies to the National Secretary for that inspection.


(4) For the purposes of ensuring the accuracy of the recording of such minutes, the minutes of every Executive Management Committee meeting shall be signed by the Chair manager of that meeting or the Chair manager of the next succeeding Executive Management Committee meeting verifying their accuracy.


(5) The minutes of every general meeting shall be signed by the Chair manager of that meeting or the Chair manager of the next succeeding General Meeting.


Provided that the minutes of any Annual General Meeting shall be signed by the Chair manager of that meeting or the Chair manager of the next succeeding General Meeting or Annual General Meeting.


Division 13 - By-Laws


INTERNAL MANAGEMENT


48. The Executive Management Committee may from time to time make, amend or repeal By-laws, not inconsistent with these Rules, for the internal management of the Society and any By-law may be set aside by a General Meeting of Members.


Division 14 - Alteration of Rules

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



SPECIAL RESOLUTION REQUIRED


49. Subject to the provisions of the Associations Incorporation Act (Qld) in force from time to time, these Rules may be amended, rescinded or added to from time to time by a special resolution carried at any General Meeting.


Provided that no such amendment, rescission or addition shall be valid unless the same shall have been previously submitted to and approved by the relevant authority under the Associations Incorporation Act.


[NOTE: ASSOCIATIONS INCORPORATION ACT 1981

Special resolutions


3.(1) Written notice of a proposed special resolution, and of the time and place of the general meeting at which it is proposed to move the resolution, must be given personally or by post, as required under the association’s rules, before the general meeting to each member of the association who has a right to vote on the resolution.


3.(2) The notice must state the terms of the proposed special resolution.


3.(3) A special resolution about which notice has not been given under this section has no effect.


3.(4) A declaration by the person presiding at a general meeting that a resolution has been passed at the meeting by the votes of 3/4 of the members who are present and entitled to vote on the resolution is conclusive evidence of the fact, unless a poll is demanded at the meeting. 


Registration of amendment


49.(1) If the chief executive grants the application for registration of the amendment of the incorporated association’s rules, the chief executive must register the amendment.


49.(2) On registration of the amendment, the incorporated association’s rules are its rules as amended. 


Effect of amended rules


50.(1) In this section—

“new rules” of an incorporated association means the association’s rules on registration of an amendment of its rules.


“old rules” of an incorporated association means the association’s rules immediately before registration of an amendment of its rules.


“registration” means registration under this division.

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



50.(2) The new rules of an incorporated association do not affect a right, liability or obligation under the association’s old rules.


50.(3) However, rights, liabilities and obligations under the old rules are extinguished to the extent they—


(a) existed between—


(i) a member of the incorporated association and the incorporated association; or


(ii) the incorporated association’s members; and


(b) were not the subject of litigation immediately before the registration of the new rules.]


Division 15 - Common Seal


SAFE CUSTODY AND USE


50.(1) The Executive Management Committee shall provide for a Common Seal and for its safe custody.


50.(2) The Common Seal shall only be used by the authority of the Executive Management Committee and every instrument to which the seal is affixed shall be signed by a Member of the Executive Management Committee and shall be countersigned by the National Secretary or by a second Member of the Executive Management Committee or by some other person appointed by the Executive Management Committee for the purpose.


Division 16 - Funds and Accounts


DEPOSITS

51.(1) The funds of the Society shall be deposited in the name of the Society in such bank or Permanent Building Society as the Executive Management Committee may from time to time direct.


51.(2) Proper books and accounts shall be kept and maintained either in written or printed form in the English language showing correctly the financial affairs of the Society and the particulars usually shown in books of a like nature.


51.(3) All moneys shall be deposited as soon as practicable after receipt thereof.


51. (4) All amounts of $100 or over shall be paid by cheque signed by any two of the Executive Management Committee or other Member authorised from time to time by the Executive Management Committee.


51. (5) Cheques shall be crossed "not negotiable" except those in payment of wages, allowances or petty cash recoupment’s which may be open.

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



51. (6) The Executive Management Committee shall determine the amount of petty cash that shall be kept on the imprest system.


51. (7) All expenditure shall be approved or ratified at a meeting of the Executive Management Committee.


51. (8) As soon as practicable after the end of each financial year the Treasurer shall cause to be prepared a statement containing particulars of –


(a) the income and expenditure for the financial year just ended; and


the assets and liabilities and of all mortgages, charges and securities affecting the 



property of the Society at the close of that year.



51. (9) All such statements shall be examined by the auditor who shall present his or her report upon such audit to the National Secretary prior to the holding of the Annual General Meeting next following the financial year in respect of which such audit was made.


51. (10) The income and property of the Society whensoever derived shall be used and applied solely in promotion of its objects and in the exercise of its powers as set out herein and no portion thereof shall be distributed, paid or transferred directly or indirectly by way of dividend, bonus or otherwise by way of profit to or amongst the Members of the Society.


Provided that nothing herein contained shall prevent the payment in good faith of interest to any such Member in respect of moneys advanced by the Member to the Society or otherwise owing by the Society to the Member or of remuneration to any officers or servants of the Society or to any Member of the Society or other person in return for any services actually rendered to the Society provided further that nothing herein contained shall be construed so as to prevent the payment or repayment to any Member of out of pocket expenses, money lent, reasonable and proper charges for goods hired by the Society or reasonable and proper rent for premises demised or let to the Society.


Division 17 - Miscellaneous Provisions


DOCUMENTS


52. The Executive Management Committee shall provide for the safe custody of books, documents, instruments of title and securities of the Society.


FINANCIAL YEAR

53. The financial year of the Society shall close on the 30th day of June in each year.


DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS ASSETS


54. If the Society shall be wound up in accordance with the provisions of the Associations Incorporation Act (Qld, and there remains, after satisfaction of all its debts and liabilities, 

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



any property whatsoever, the same shall not be paid to or distributed among the Members of the Society, but shall be given or transferred to some other institution or institutions having objects similar to the objects of the Society, and which shall prohibit the distribution of its or their income and property among its or their Members to an extent at least as great as is imposed on the Society under or by virtue of Rule 51(10), such institution or institutions to be determined by the Members of the Society.


Division 18 - Legal Obligations


THERAPEUTIC GOODS ACT AND REGULATIONS (CWTH)


55. Notwithstanding anything else in these Rules, a Member shall not, for any purpose, be accepted for accreditation by the Society as, or in the capacity of, a Herbalist, Naturopath, 

Homoeopathic Practitioner, Chiropractor, Osteopath, Nutritionist, Practitioner of Traditional Chinese Medicine or other status unless the Member has first fulfilled the relevant requirements (if any) of these Rules or the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cwth) and the Therapeutic Goods Regulations, Statutory Rules 1990 No. 394 or any other law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory which affects that status or capacity.


LEGAL OBLIGATIONS


56. Nothing in these Rules shall be taken to limit or detract from the responsibility of any Member –


(a) to comply with any restriction that may be placed upon the Member; or


(b) to perform any duty that may be imposed upon the Member, by any law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory –


(i) with respect to the treatment of, or dispensing of any medication or other article to, any person or patient; or


(ii) with respect to the holding of any Office or position within the Society.


Division 19 – Interstate and International Offices


ADDITIONAL SOCIETY OFFICES


57.(1) The Executive Management Committee may establish Interstate and International Offices of the Society (in each case not being an official registered Office referred to in section 17 of the Associations Incorporation Act 1981 or an Office established in respect of the President, Treasurer or National Secretary) to be administered by a member of the Society in a voluntary capacity only, subject always to the authority of the Management Committee.


57.(2) The purpose of an Office referred to this Rule is to provide members in the areas in which such Office is established a means of closer communication with the Executive Management Committee in respect of the affairs of the Society.

SOCIETY OF NATURAL THERAPISTS AND RESEARCHERS (SNTR) INCORPORATED



Division 20 – Society Internet Website


SNTR INC. INTERNET WEBSITE


58.(1) The Executive Management Committee may establish an Internet Website for the Society, and may grant other persons or organisations access to the Website for purposes of the publication of their own respective WebPages.


58.(2) The Management Committee shall endeavour to maintain the Website on behalf of any person or organisation, and in that respect, the Committee –


shall maintain the Website on such terms and conditions, and at such times or 



intervals, as the Committee may decide as appropriate; and



(c) may levy a fee or costs upon any person or organisation in respect of such publication or its maintenance with regard to the WebPages of the relevant person or organisation granted publication-access to the Website.


58.(3) Payment of any costs for the establishment and maintenance of the WebPages (either for the Society or any persons or organisations, and whether established and maintained prior to the registration of these Rules, as amended) shall be borne by the Society, and the Society may hire or contract any person, corporation or organisation for the purpose of the establishment, maintenance or on-going extensions of the Website, as the case may be required.


58.(4) The Executive Management Committee reserves the right –


(a) to refuse to allow a person or organisation to publish WebPages on the Society Website; and


(b) to remove the WebPages of any person or organisation, if the Management Committee determines (without allowance for appeal) that the WebPages of, or requested by, the person or organisation, as the case may be, are of such a nature that publication of those pages could bring the Society into disrepute or if those WebPages are, become, or may be, contrary to any law of Australia or elsewhere.